Coloboma of the iris

Keyhole pupil; Iris defect

Coloboma of the iris is a hole or defect of the iris of the eye. Most colobomas are present since birth (congenital).

Eye

The eye is the organ of sight, a nearly spherical hollow globe filled with fluids (humors). The outer layer or tunic (sclera, or white, and cornea) is fibrous and protective. The middle layer (choroid, ciliary body and the iris) is vascular. The innermost layer (the retina) is nervous or sensory. The fluids in the eye are divided by the lens into the vitreous humor (behind the lens) and the aqueous humor (in front of the lens). The lens itself is flexible and suspended by ligaments which allow it to change shape to focus light on the retina, which is composed of sensory neurons.

Cat eye

A cat eye is a type of coloboma. Any defect in the iris that allows light to enter the eye, other than through the pupil, is called a coloboma. An extra hole or slit may be present from birth, or may result from trauma. Colobomas may also exist in the eyelid, a defect which interrupts the border of the eyelid.

Coloboma of the iris

A coloboma is a defect in the iris of the eye. It can appear as a black notch of varying depth at the edge of the pupil, giving the pupil an irregular shape. Coloboma may be associated with hereditary conditions, trauma to the eye, or eye surgery.

Considerations

Causes

When to Contact a Medical Professional

What to Expect at Your Office Visit