Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Peptic esophagitis; Reflux esophagitis; GERD; Heartburn - chronic; Dyspepsia - GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents leak backward from the stomach into the esophagus (food pipe). Food travels from your mouth to the stomach through your esophagus. GERD can irritate the food pipe and cause heartburn and other symptoms.

In gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), acid leaks out of your stomach into your food pipe.The correct answer is true. When you eat, food passes from your mouth through a tube (or food pipe) and into the stomach. Once food is in the stomach, a ring of muscle prevents food from moving backward. If this muscle doesn't close well, food and stomach acid can leak up into the food pipe.Which is not a common symptom of GERD?The correct answer is diarrhea. GERD mainly affects the upper part of your digestive tract. This is the part of your body that food moves through. The most common symptoms are a burning pain in the chest or the feeling that food is stuck behind the breastbone. Talk with your doctor if you think you have signs of GERD.Which medicines can make GERD worse?The correct answer is all of the above. If you suspect that one of your medicines may be causing heartburn, talk to your doctor. Never change or stop a medicine you take regularly without talking to your doctor.GERD rarely occurs in children.The correct answer is false. GERD can occur at any age. In fact, more than half of babies will have some reflux during their first three months. Contact your infant's health care provider if your baby isn't gaining weight or has trouble breathing after spitting up.If your GERD is mild, you may not need testing.The correct answer is true. Your doctor can use tests to check your esophagus (the tube that leads from your mouth to your stomach) for damage, but they may not be needed. If your symptoms are mild, your doctor may suggest diet changes and/or antacids.Antacids are the only over-the-counter (OTC) medicines that help with GERD.The correct answer is false. Several OTC medicines can relieve GERD symptoms. H2 blockers (Pepcid, Zantac) lower the amount of acid released into the stomach. Proton-pump inhibitors (Prilosec, Prevacid) reduce how much acid the stomach makes. These medicines don't work as quickly as antacids, but the benefits last longer.To prevent GERD symptoms at night:The correct answer is raise the head of your bed. Put blocks under the head of your bed or a wedge under your mattress to raise the head 4-6 inches. It also helps to avoid large evening meals and light-night snacks. Have dinner at least 2-3 hours before bedtime.GERD symptoms may improve if you avoid:The correct answer is all of the above. These foods can trigger heartburn, but not everyone has the same reaction. Try to pinpoint and avoid the foods that cause problems for you.You can prevent heartburn by exercising right after meals.The correct answer is false. People with GERD should exercise, but not right after eating. Physical activity, particularly bending or stooping, can trigger heartburn. Find another time to exercise -- it may help you lose weight and reduce stress, both of which can lead to fewer GERD symptoms.You should call your doctor if you notice which if the following symptoms?The correct answer is all of the above. These are warning signs that GERD symptoms may be caused by something more serious. Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these symptoms.Surgery can repair the leak between the stomach and esophagus.The correct answer is true. Some surgeries can tighten the connection between the stomach and the food pipe (esophagus). This helps keep food or acid from coming back up. Your doctor may suggest surgery if GERD causes serious problems, or if you want to stop taking medicine for GERD. Even with surgery, you may still need GERD medicines.
Digestive system

The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

A band of muscle fibers, the lower esophageal sphincter, closes off the esophagus from the stomach. If the sphincter does not close properly, food and liquid can move backward into the esophagus and cause heartburn and other symptoms known as gastroesophageal disease (GERD). To alleviate symptoms dietary changes and medications are prescribed. For a patient who has persistent symptoms despite medical treatment, an anti-reflux operation may be an option.

Gastroesophageal reflux - Series

The esophagus is a narrow, muscular tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach. The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach. A sphincter at the junction of the esophagus and the stomach prevents reflux of food and acid from the stomach into the esophagus.

Do you feel a burning in your chest not long after you eat or lie down? If so, you may have Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. When we swallow food, it travels down our esophagus into the stomach, where it's greeted by a rush of Hydrochloric acid in the stomach to begin digestion. This acid is so powerful, it could eat the paint right off your car! Fortunately, there's a band of muscle between the stomach and the esophagus - called the Lower Esophageal Sphincter or L-E-S, that clamps down to prevent the stomach contents from moving or refluxing upward and burning the lining of the esophagus. If that band of muscle does not adequately clamp down, this backwash causes the irritation and burning that's known as heartburn or GERD. Maintaining good tight L-E-S muscle tone is the key to preventing this condition. Causes of GERD include being overweight, smoking, and drinking too much alcohol. Certain foods, like chocolate and peppermint and if you're a woman, pregnancy can bring on GERD To determine if you have GERD,your doctor may request an upper endoscopy exam to look into your esophagus and stomach to diagnose reflux. Other tests can measure the acid and amount of pressure in your esophagus, or if you have blood in your stool. If you do have GERD, lifestyle changes can help. First, avoid foods that cause problems for you and avoid eating large meals. If you're a little on the heavy side, try to lose some weight. Since most GERD symptoms are experienced lying down in bed, let gravity help. Elevating the head of your bed 4 to 6 inches using blocks of wood may help. If symptoms continue, see your doctor or a Gastroenterologist for evaluation and an upper endoscopy exam. Your doctor may suggest you take over-the-counter antacids or may prescribe stronger medications. Call your doctor if you are bleeding, feel like you are choking, have trouble-swallowing, or experience sudden weight loss. The good news is most people who have GERD do not need surgery. For the worst cases, surgeons may perform a laparoscopic procedure to tighten a weak L-E-S muscle. If you have occasional heartburn, antacid tablets can be used as needed. However! If you're having heartburn more than 3 to 4 times a week, see your doctor & take the prescribed medication to prevent this condition.

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When to Contact a Medical Professional

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