Managing your depression - teens
Recognizing depression in your teen; Helping your teen with depression
Take Part in Talk Therapy
Talk therapy can help you feel better. Talk therapy is just that. You talk with a therapist or a counselor about how you are feeling and what you are thinking about.
You usually see a therapist once a week. The more open you are with your therapist about your thoughts and feelings, the more helpful the therapy can be.
Taking Medicine for Depression
Be involved with this decision if you can. Learn from your health care provider if depression medicine might help you feel better. Talk about it with your provider and parents.
If you take medicine for depression, know that:
- It can take a few weeks to feel better after you start taking the medicine.
- Antidepressant medicine works best if you take it every day.
- You may need to take the medicine for at least 6 to 12 months to get the best effect and to lower the risk of depression coming back.
- You need to talk to your provider about how the medicine makes you feel. If it is not working enough, if it is causing any side effects, or if it is making you feel worse or suicidal, your doctor may need to change the dose or the medicine you are taking.
- You should not stop taking your medicine on your own. If the medicine does not make you feel good, talk to your provider. Your provider has to help you stop the medicine slowly. Stopping it suddenly could make you feel worse.
Stay in Touch with Your Depression Symptoms
If you are thinking about death or suicide:
- Talk to a friend, family member, or your provider right away.
- You can always get immediate help by going to the nearest emergency room or calling 1-800-SUICIDE, or 1-800-999-9999. The hotline is open 24/7.
Talk with your parents or your provider if you feel your depression symptoms are getting worse. You may need a change in your treatment.
Avoid Risky Behaviors
Risky behaviors are behaviors that can hurt you. They include:
- Unsafe sex
- Doing drugs
- Driving dangerously
- Skipping school
If you take part in risky behaviors, know that they can make your depression worse. Take control of your behavior rather than letting it control you.
Avoid drugs and alcohol. They can make your depression worse.
Consider asking your parents to lock up or remove any guns in your home.
Spend time with friends who are positive and can support you.
When to Call the Doctor
Talk to your parents and call your provider if you are:
- Thinking about death or suicide
- Feeling worse
- Thinking about stopping your medicine
American Psychiatric Association. Major depressive disorder. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013:160-168.
Bostic JQ, Prince JB, Buxton DC. Child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. In: Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 69.
National Institute of Mental Health website. Child and adolescent mental health.
Siu AL; US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for depression in children and adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2016;164(5):360-366. PMID: 26858097
Last reviewed on: 11/7/2020
Reviewed by: Fred K. Berger, MD, addiction and forensic psychiatrist, Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.