The clinical team of the Abilities Research Center (ARC) specializes in understanding and treating a range of neurological illnesses and injuries. We partner with our patients to customize the best possible rehabilitation plan for conditions and traumas that include the following.
An injury to the spinal cord—which contains the nerves that carry messages between your body and brain—can cause a variety of symptoms depending on the location and severity of the trauma. Spinal cord injury (SCI) symptoms may include numbness, loss of bowel or bladder control, difficulty breathing, uncontrolled muscle movement (spasticity), sensory changes, pain, and paralysis.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to part of the brain is interrupted, preventing oxygen and nutrients from reaching brain tissue, causing cell death and potentially creating lasting damage. The two main types of stroke are ischemic (caused by a blood clot) and hemorrhagic (caused by a burst blood vessel). Symptoms depend on the stroke’s severity and the part of the brain it affects, and can include loss of balance or coordination; headache; difficulty walking; trouble speaking or swallowing; numbness or tingling; and weakness in the arm, leg, or face.
With Parkinson’s disease, the brain cells that manufacture dopamine (a chemical that helps control muscle movement) slowly die, causing a patient to suffer progressively worsening muscle control. Symptoms may include tremor, bradykinesia (slowness), and rigidity, as well as cognitive difficulties.
A trauma to the head could cause affected brain cells to malfunction, which may result in a traumatic brain injury. The extent of the injury and how long it lasts depend on the severity of the trauma.
In multiple sclerosis, your immune system attacks the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves of your own central nervous system. The resulting inflammation damages nerves and myelin (the fatty tissue that insulates the nerve and relays signals to a neuron). Symptoms may include fatigue, difficulty walking, and cognitive changes.