Diagnosing Uterine Cancer
Only a doctor can tell you if you have uterine/endometrial cancer by using diagnostic tests. It is time to find out when you begin experiencing symptoms, or if you are a high-risk even without symptoms.
Your gynecologic oncologist may use the following diagnostic tests:
- Transvaginal ultrasound (TVU)—examines your vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and bladder with a probe inserted into the vagina. Using high-energy sound waves (ultrasound), echoes form a picture of body tissues (sonogram) to identify tumors.
- Endometrial sampling—tissue from the endometrium is removed by inserting a thin, flexible tube through your cervix and into the uterus. Through a microscope, cells can be identified as healthy (benign) or cancerous. Sometimes this tissue is obtained via D and C.
If these tests indicate that you have uterine/endometrial cancer, your gynecologic oncologist will talk to you about receiving a diagnosis and your treatment options.
Stages of Uterine Cancer
A next step that will help your gynecologic oncologist treat you is seeing the extent of the cancer (the stage):
- Stage I: Cancer is only in the uterus and hasn’t spread
- Stage II: The tumor spread from the uterus to the cervix
- Stage III: The cancer spread beyond the uterus, but is confined to the pelvic area
- Stage IV: The cancer spread beyond the pelvic area to the rectum, bladder, and possibly other organs
Knowledge is empowering. Learn about treatments for uterine/endometrial cancer.