Ovarian Cancer Treatments

Your Mount Sinai gynecologic oncologist will work with you and the rest of your medical team to create the best treatment plan for you. Your treatment plan may involve multimodality therapy that incorporates a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and smart drugs or biologics that targeted cancerous cells without harming healthy cells. A combination of these medical treatment and surgery performed by a gynecologic oncologist contribute to better outcomes.

Surgical Treatment for Ovarian Cancer

Most women and their gynecologic oncologist choose surgery to remove as much of the ovarian tumor as possible. Likely, surgery will be part of your overall treatment plan, based on your type of ovarian cancer and its stage

Types of surgery for ovarian cancer include:

  • Hysterectomy—removes the uterus, with or without the cervix.
  • Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy—removes one ovary and one fallopian tube
  • Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy—removes both ovaries and both fallopian tubes
  • Omentectomy—removes a piece of the omentum, a lining of fat and blood vessels off the bowel.
  • Lymph node dissection—removes lymph nodes in several locations for the pathologist to view under a microscope for cancer cells

To treat complex ovarian cysts, early and advanced or recurring ovarian cancers, your surgeon may choose to use minimally invasive surgical procedure.

Additional Treatments for Ovarian Cancer

Following surgery, you may receive additional treatments such as infusion therapy to deliver chemotherapy intravenously with an IV inserted in your arm or directly into your abdomen. Another option is HIPEC (hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy) that places heated chemotherapy to treat the area.

Your treatment options and chance of recovery (your prognosis) depend on:

  • The stage of your cancer
  • The type and size of your tumor
  • Your age and general health
  •  Your receiving treatment from an experienced gynecologic oncologist
  • Whether your cancer has just been diagnosed or has returned