Liver Cancer Treatment and Surgery
In the past 10 years, Mount Sinai's physicians have treated over 2,500 patients with liver cancer. Mount Sinai is among the top referral centers in the United States for patients with liver cancer. We offer a multidisciplinary liver cancer program that unites distinguished specialists in liver disease, medical oncology, interventional radiology, and surgery.
Liver cancer may start in the liver (hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma) or spread there from other sites, most often from the colon or rectum. Our state-of-the-art treatment center has experience managing patients with all types of liver tumors, from those with early stage cancer to those with highly complex or advanced cancers. We offer a full range of therapies, including:
- Partial hepatectomy: In this procedure, the surgeon removes the part of the liver that contains the abnormal mass, as well as a margin of healthy tissue. The extent of liver resection depends on the size and location of the tumor. Following surgery, the remaining liver grows in size to replace the lost volume, restoring normal function.
- Laparoscopic hepatectomy: Many liver resections at Mount Sinai are performed laparoscopically, depending on tumor size and location. A number of our surgeons were recently invited to participate in a published consensus statement on the status of laparoscopic liver resection.
- Liver transplantation: In cases where a liver transplantation is the best option, our surgeons collaborate closely with physicians at Mount Sinai's Recanati/Miller Transplantation Institute. All patients are cared for by a closely coordinated multidisciplinary treatment group.
- Radiofrequency ablation: Ablation is performed using a special probe that burns the cancer in the liver to destroy it. This technique can be used to treat small tumors as an alternative to surgery or can be used to avoid surgery in patients who are not candidates for liver resection.
- Transarterial chemoembolization: In this procedure, interventional radiologists gain access to the patient's arterial system via the groin and then advance a catheter into the artery supplying the liver. Medication and particles are given directly into the blood vessel that supplies the tumor in order to destroy it and control its growth.