Orthopedics

General Orthopedics

Mount Sinai Health System general orthopedists are expert physicians who treat a broad range of orthopedic conditions.

Taking a whole-body approach to the musculoskeletal system, general orthopedists often make connections between orthopedic conditions. Our goal is to eliminate or minimize pain and restore the highest level of function and independence possible for each patient.

Diagnosis

Our doctors use state-of-the-art diagnostic tools to get the most accurate views of the affected area, and pinpoint the exact cause of your pain. A complete diagnostic exam includes a through physical and history, and perhaps one or more of the following tests:

  • X-rays are the most widely known diagnostic test.  X-rays are a quick and helpful in detecting a bone injury or spinal deformity.
  • Computerized axial tomographic scans (CT or CAT scans) combine X-rays with computer technology to offer a cross-sectional view of the affected area.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic waves to detail the body. An MRI is one of the most advanced imaging methods available and is especially helpful in evaluating soft tissue damage such as meniscus and cartilage tears.
  • Electromyography (EMG) measures muscle response to nerve stimulation. Small electrode needles are inserted into specific muscles to measure the electrical activity. This enables us to distinguish between primary muscle conditions and muscle weakness caused by neurologic disorders.
  • Bone scan. Involves a safe radioactive chemical injected into the bloodstream in order to help evaluate abnormalities involving the bone, such as fractures.
  • Myelography, a combination of X-rays or CT scans with a special dye that we inject into the spinal sac, allows us to evaluate any changes in the flow of the cerebral spinal fluid. Such changes may signal an obstructive lesion.
  • Discography uses a special dye to determine if a disc looks abnormal by MRI or X-ray is causing your pain.

Treatment

Our doctors carefully tailor treatment plans to your individual needs. Our plan for you may involve medication, injections, or rehabilitation medicine, including physical therapy that our physiatrists oversee for you. Physical therapists work on strengthening, improving balance, and improving range of motion. As needed, you may practice walking, stair climbing, performing transfers, getting in and out of bed, and other activities of daily living.

Referrals

Your general orthopedist may refer to you to an orthopedic specialist for treatment.