Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of NT 201 (Botulinum Toxin) With Placebo for the Treatment of Lower Limb Spasticity Caused by Stroke or Traumatic Brain Injury

ID#: NCT03992404

Age: 18 - 85 years

Gender: All

Healthy Subjects: No

Study Phase: Phase 3

Recruitment Status: Recruiting

Start Date: September 16, 2019

End Date: December 01, 2024

Contact Information:
Public Disclosure Manager
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Summary: The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single treatment with administration of 400 Units NT 201 (botulinum toxin) is superior to placebo (no medicine) for the treatment of lower limb spasticity caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury (Main Period). Participants will be assigned to the treatment groups by chance and neither the participants nor the research staff who interact with them will know the allocation. The following 4 to 5 treatment cycles will investigate the safety and tolerability of treatment with NT 201 (botulinum toxin) when administered in doses between 400 and 800 Units (Open Label Extension Period). All participants will receive the treatment and the dose will depend on whether only lower limb spasticity or combined upper and lower limb spasticity are treated.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Female or male subject ≥ 18 years and ≤ 85 years at screening

- Diagnosis of lower limb spasticity with or without upper limb spasticity of the same body side caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury

- Disabling ankle flexor spasticity presenting as pes equinus or pes equinovarus

- Modified Ashworth Scale-Bohannon [MAS] score of 2 or 3 points in the ankle plantar flexor of the target lower limb (supine position, knee extended)

- Minimum passive range of motion in ankle of the target lower limb (supine position, knee extended): 10°dorsiflexion and 20°plantarflexion

- At least 4 months since last botulinum neurotoxin [BoNT] injection for treatment of spasticity or any other condition

- For subjects receiving anticoagulation therapy, the investigator confirms and documents that the subject has an:

- Activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT] ≤ 80 seconds (subjects on dabigatran or other direct thrombin inhibitors) or

- International normalized ratio [INR] value of ≤ 2.5 (subjects on coumarins or other anticoagulants monitored by INR)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Generalized disorders of muscle activity (e.g. myasthenia gravis, Lambert Eaton syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) or any other significant peripheral neuromuscular dysfunction which might interfere with the study

- Bilateral lower limb paresis/paralysis/spasticity or tetraparesis/paralysis/spasticity

- Body weight < 50 kg

- Severe atrophy of the target limb muscles

- Previous, ongoing or planned treatments of spasticity with intrathecal baclofen

- Previous, ongoing, or planned treatments of spasticity in the target lower limb with any of the following procedures: Surgical Intervention; Alcohol or phenol block; Muscle afferent block

- Physiotherapy or use of orthoses or splints at the target limb initiated less than 4 weeks before screening or expected to change during the double blind phase of the study

- Current or planned treatment with parenterally administered drugs that interfere with neuromuscular transmission (e.g. intrathecal baclofen, tubocurarine type muscle relaxants used in anesthesia), or local anesthetics in the treated region within 2 weeks prior to screening

- Infection or inflammation at the injection sites

- Subjects with presence or history of aspiration pneumonia, recurrent lower respiratory tract infections, or compromised respiratory function as per investigator's clinical judgment

- Pregnancy (as verified by a positive pregnancy test) or breast feeding