Conditions & Treatments

Mount Sinai delivers individualized, family-centered care to children with endocrine concerns. Our team of pediatric endocrinologists, certified diabetes educators, nurse practitioners, nutritionist, social worker, and psychologists, all work closely with one another, as well as with the multiple subspecialties in the Mount Sinai Health System to care for your child. We are committed to providing the highest quality care for childhood endocrine conditions.

To diagnose your child, we routinely perform hormonal testing at our state-of-the-art, child-friendly stimulation testing center. We take a comprehensive approach to treatment, and offer nutrition recommendations, psychosocial support, and coordinated care with radiology and neuroradiology experts as needed.

We diagnose and treat children with a variety of endocrinological conditions, including:

  • Growth disorders may reflect nutrition issues, systemic disorders, hormonal, or genetic defects. We diagnose and treat a variety of growth disorder conditions including growth hormone deficiency; idiopathic short stature; obesity; and Turner, Noonan, Russell-Silver, Prader-Willi, CHARGE, and overgrowth syndromes. We have a special interest in treating children born small for gestational age.
  • Diabetes mellitus and other disorders of carbohydrate metabolism require a variety of treatment approaches. We coordinate your child’s care across home, school, and our team, through our nurse educator, nutritionist, and social worker. We offer psychological counseling for your child and your family as well as educational programming tailored to all of your family’s needs, including carbohydrate counting and insulin pump education nights. We co-sponsor a week long day camp and coordinate with Camp Nejeda, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation on educational sessions, the American Diabetes Association on advocacy for diabetes treatment in schools, and Trial Net for clinical research.
  • Thyroid disorders include conditions such as congenital hypothyroidism, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves disease and neonatal Graves disease, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer. We are a respected referral site for New York State newborn screening, and we coordinate care with our neonatology, pediatric radiology, nuclear medicine, and surgery departments.
  • Pubertal disorders and disorders of the reproductive system involve coordination with pediatric radiologists and pediatric surgeons experienced placing histrelin implants as well as with fertility specialists as needed. We diagnose and treat a variety of pubertal disorders and disorders of the reproductive system including precocious and delayed puberty, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, primary gonadal failure, Klinefelter's syndrome, and polycystic ovarian disease.
  • Adrenal disorders include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenal tumors, Cushing syndrome, Addison's disease, several types of low-renin hypertension, and disorders of sexual differentiation. As with other conditions, we offer genetic testing and psychosocial support.
  • Bone disease and calcium metabolism conditions include hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism, rickets, osteopenia, and osteoporosis.
  • Endocrine tumors and syndromes that we see most often are multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and type 2, and pituitary and adrenal tumors. We coordinate your child’s care with genetics, pediatric oncology, and surgery departments when appropriate.