Phantom limb pain
Amputation - phantom limb
What to Expect
These feeling slowly get weaker and weaker. You should also feel them less often. They may not ever go away completely.
Pain in the missing part of the arm or leg is called phantom pain. You may feel:
- Sharp or shooting pain
- Achy pain
- Burning pain
- Cramping pain
Some things may make phantom pain worse, such as:
- Being too tired
- Putting too much pressure on the stump or parts of the arm or leg that are still there
- Changes in the weather
- An artificial limb that does not fit properly
- Poor blood flow
- Swelling in the part of the arm or leg that is still there
Try to relax in a way that works for you. Do deep breathing or pretend to relax the missing arm or leg.
Reading, listening to music, or doing something that takes your mind off the pain may help. You may also try taking a warm bath if your surgery wound is completely healed.
Ask your health care provider if you can take acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin), or other medicines that help with pain.
The following may also help lessen phantom pain.
- Keep the remaining part of your arm or leg warm.
- Move or exercise the remaining part of your arm or leg.
- If you are wearing your prosthesis, take it off. If you are not wearing it, put it on.
- If you have swelling in the remaining part of your arm or leg, try wearing an elastic bandage.
- Wear a shrinker sock or compression stocking.
- Try gently tapping or rubbing your stump.
Bang MS, Jung SH. Phantom limb pain. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo TD, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 107.
Dinakar P. Principles of pain management. In: Daroff RB, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, Pomeroy SL, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 54.
Nikolajsen L, Springer JS, Haroutiunian S. Phantom limb pain. In: Benzon HT, Rathmell JP, Wu CL, Turk DC, Argoff CE, Hurley RW, eds. Practical Management of Pain. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2014:chap 26.
Waldman SD. Phantom limb pain. In: Waldman SD, ed. Atlas of Common Pain Syndromes. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 103.
Last reviewed on: 4/30/2018
Reviewed by: Amit M. Shelat, DO, FACP, Attending Neurologist and Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology, SUNY Stony Brook, School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.