Network Neurofeedback Using 7-Tesla MRI to Reduce Rumination Levels in Depression

ID#: NCT05933148

Age: 18 - 65 years

Gender: All

Healthy Subjects: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Study Phase: N/A

Recruitment Status: Recruiting

Start Date: July 01, 2023

End Date: May 01, 2025

Contact Information:
Grace S. Butler, BA
(212) 585-4623
Rachel Krasner, BA
Summary: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) exhibit increased levels of rumination (i.e. repetitive thinking and focus on negative mood states) which have been found to increase the risk of depressive relapse. The ability to reduce rumination levels among these patients is greatly needed. Rumination is known to be associated with the default mode network (DMN) region activity. Implementing the Dependency Network Analysis (DEPNA), a recently developed method by the research team to quantify the connectivity influence of network nodes, found that rumination was significantly associated with lower connectivity influence of the left medial orbitofrontal cortex (MOFC) on the right precuneus, both key regions within the DMN. This study implements the first real-time fMRI neurofeedback (Rt-fMRI-NF) network-based protocol for up-regulation of the MOFC influence on the precuneus in patients with MDD to reduce rumination levels. This will allow for more accurate explicit brain connections modulation than the standard single brain region activity; creating a larger opportunity for target clinical neuromodulation treatment in individuals with MDD.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female aged 18-65 years who either meet DSM-5 Axis Disorders (SCID) or the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for major depressive disorder (MDD) with a current major depressive episode OR does not meet for any current or past psychiatric diagnoses

- Participants must have a level of understanding of the English language sufficient to agree to all tests and examinations required by the study and must be able to participate fully in the informed consent process

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any current or history of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder, neurodevelopmental disorder, or neurocognitive disorder for patients, active substance use disorder within the past 6 months

- Unstable medical illness, concomitant use of any medication with central nervous system activity within 1 week of MRI scan

- Pregnancy

- Patients who are currently hospitalized in the inpatient psychiatric units at Mount Sinai Hospital or involuntarily admitted/court-ordered

- Subjects judged to be at serious and imminent suicidal or homicidal risk by the study-affiliated psychiatrist or another MD, and contradictions to MRI