At Mount Sinai, we provide women with the information they need to determine the best fibroid treatment plan. Offering the safest and most effective therapies available, our team of gynecologists, interventional radiologists, physical therapists, acupuncturists, and nutritionists offer the highest level of expertise. Using the most current technology available today, we offer a full range of treatment options.
Fibroids may or may not cause symptoms. Whether you have symptoms or not, like many women between the ages of 30 and 50, you may have uterine fibroids. However, if fibroids interfere with your ability to become pregnant or cause severe menstrual periods or other uncomfortable symptoms, it is time to make an appointment with a gynecologist that specializes in the treatment of fibroids.
What are Fibroids?
Fibroids are noncancerous (benign) tumors of the uterus that are also known as uterine leiomyoma or myomas. They are muscle cells that grow into fibrous masses or tumors in the uterus. You can have a single fibroid or many and in 99 percent of cases fibroids are benign. Physical exam, pelvic ultrasound, and MRI of the pelvis can reveal the type of fibroid you have.
Types of Fibroids
There are four types of fibroids categorized by where and how they grow:
- Intramural fibroids grow within the muscle wall of the uterus and are the most common type of fibroid tumor.
- Pedunculated fibroids grow inside and outside of the uterus and attach to the uterine wall with a stalk-like growth called a peduncle.
- Subserosal fibroids grow outward from the uterus just beneath the uterine lining and can cause heavy bleeding.
- Submucosal fibroids push into the uterine cavity as they grow in the middle muscle layer of the uterus; they are not as common as other types of fibroids.
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Some women with fibroids never experience any symptoms, while for some fibroids may interfere with normal daily life or hinder the ability to get pregnant or carry a fetus full term. Symptoms may include:
- Heavy or long menstrual cycles
- Spotting or bleeding between menses
- Increased urination
- Pelvic pain or pressure