Peripheral Nerve Stimulation
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation is a minimally invasive modality for controlling pain arising from trauma or dysfunction of the peripheral nerves (which include any nerve outside the spinal cord or brain). This procedure is used to treat conditions including headaches (such as Occipital Neuralgia), Post-Thoracotomy or Post-Video Assisted Thoracoscopy Pain Syndromes, Complex Regional Pain Syndromes (such as Reflex Sympathy Dystrophy and Causalgia), and Post-Herpetic Neuralgia (chronic pain after shingles), as well as other neuralgias and painful conditions.
As with Spinal Cord Stimulation, Peripheral Nerve Stimulation is begun by placing small trial electrodes next to peripheral nerves for several days to determine whether the stimulation is effective for a particular patient. If so, the trial leads are removed and more permanent leads along with a small internal battery pack are implanted (all of which may be removed at a later time). Ultimately, there are no external components and the patient can engage in physical activities such as exercise (including swimming) and work.