Pain Diseases and Conditions We Treat

Mount Sinai's Pain Management and Integrative Medicine specialists are skilled in treating discomfort caused by a range of conditions and injuries. The advanced therapies we offer—from spinal cord stimulation to joint injections to medical acupuncture—treat the full spectrum of pain conditions, including the following.

Head and Neck Pain

  • Cervical Myelopathy. Damage to the spinal cord in the neck, which can cause pain, muscle weakness, and problems with fine motor control
  • Cervicogenic headache. A pain typically beginning at the base of the neck and moving to the head, thought to be caused by irritation in the cervical spine
  • Migraine Headache. A severe recurring headache that could include visual disturbances and light sensitivity, and disrupt one's ability to function
  • Occipital Neuralgia. A headache that involves "throbbing" or "piercing" pain in the back of the head and upper neck
  • Tension Headache. A headache linked to stress and muscle contraction involving a steady pain and pressure
  • Torticollis. The chronic, involuntary contraction of the neck muscles, causing the head to turn to one side, which results in pain and stiffness
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia. A chronic condition causing an intense, episodic, shock-like pain in the face

Back Pain

  • Degenerative Disc Disease. Wear and tear of the discs that cushion the vertebrae, resulting in pain in the back, buttocks, thighs, or neck that could worsen when sitting or bending
  • Herniated Disc. A condition in which the discs that cushion the vertebrae bulge, potentially causing pain and numbness in the neck or lower back, as well as the arms or legs
  • Post Laminectomy Syndrome (Failed Back Syndrome). Persistent pain in the back and / or legs that may occur after spine surgery
  • Sacroiliac Joint Pain. Discomfort in the sacroiliac joint (which connects the spine to the pelvis) that could be caused by conditions including osteoarthritis and trauma
  • Spinal Stenosis. A condition in which the spinal canal narrows, pinching the nerve roots and spinal cord and causing symptoms such as pain or weakness in the legs and thighs
  • Spondylolysis. A painful stress fracture in a vertebra in the lower back, which could lead to Spondylolisthesis, a more serious condition in which the affected vertebra slips out of place
  • Vertebral Fracture. A break in a vertebra, which could cause pain in the lower back

Arm and Hand Pain

  • Calcific Tendonitis of the Shoulder. The gradual formation of calcium deposits in the tendons of the shoulder, resulting in painful inflammation and stiffness
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. A compression of the median nerve (which runs through the carpal tunnel in the wrist to provide sensation to the fingers), resulting in pain or numbness in the hand
  • Frozen Shoulder. A tightening of the shoulder joint, which results in pain and loss of movement
  • Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis). An overuse injury involving pain over the medial epicondyle bone, located on the inner side of the elbow
  • Shoulder Sprain. A stretching or partial tearing of the ligaments supporting the shoulder, which causes pain and swelling and limits motion
  • Shoulder Tendinopathy. An injury to the tendons in the shoulder, causing pain and swelling and limiting motion
  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis). An overuse injury involving pain over the lateral epicondyle bone, located on the outside of the elbow
  • Wrist Sprain. A stretching or tearing of the ligaments supporting the wrist, which causes pain and swelling and limits motion

Leg and Foot Pain

  • Ankle Sprain. A partial or complete tear of the ligaments supporting the ankle, resulting in pain and swelling and limiting motion
  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Pain under the kneecap that usually occurs during exercise or movement, and could be accompanied by swelling or popping and grinding sounds
  • Sciatica (Lumbar radiculopathy). An irritation of the sciatic nerves (which run down the back of each thigh), causing shooting pain and sometimes numbness down one leg

Chest and Abdominal Pain

  • Costochondritis. A localized pain felt in the front chest wall where the bone of the rib meets the cartilage
  • Pelvic Pain. A chronic condition lasting six months or more caused by problems in areas such as the intestines, bladder, or reproductive organs
  • Post Thoracotomy (or Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy – VATS) Pain. Persistent sharp, shooting, stabbing, or burning pain in the upper back, ribs, or chest after chest surgery
  • Post Mastectomy Pain. Persistent sharp, shooting, stabbing, or burning pain in the chest or ribs after breast surgery
  • Post Hernia Repair Pain. Sharp, shooting, stabbing, or burning pain in the lower abdomen with radiation to the groin area

General Body Pains

  • Cancer Pain Syndromes. Any pain experienced by a cancer patient, which could result from a tumor (which can press on bones, nerves, or organs), therapy (such as radiation and chemotherapy), or co-occurring conditions (such as arthritis)
  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. A painful condition affecting the nerves and blood vessels of one or more extremities, accompanied by swelling, discoloration, and burning sensations
  • Diabetic Neuropathy. A nerve damage condition associated with diabetes that causes symptoms such as pain and numbness in the extremities, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and dizziness
  • Muscle Strain. A partial tear in the internal structure of a muscle, which could cause symptoms including soreness, swelling, and bruising
  • Phantom Limb Syndrome. The perception of sensations (including pain) in a limb that has been amputated
  • Tendinopathy. Any injury to the tendons, which could include tendinitis (inflammation of the tendon) and tendinosis (micro tears in the tendon tissue), and causes pain and swelling