Head and face reconstruction

Craniofacial reconstruction; Orbital-craniofacial surgery; Facial reconstruction

Head and face reconstruction is surgery to repair or reshape deformities of the head and face (craniofacial).


The skull is anterior to the spinal column and is the bony structure that encases the brain. Its purpose is to protect the brain and allow attachments for the facial muscles. The two regions of the skull are the cranial and facial region. The cranial portion is the part of the skull that directly houses the brain and the facial portion includes the rest of the bones of the skull.


The skull is the bony structure of the head and face. The cranium surrounds the brain with the temporal, frontal, parietal and occipital bones. The maxilla, or upper jaw, and the mandible, or lower jaw, support the facial features of nose, mouth and eyes.

Cleft lip repair - series

A cleft lip is an abnormal opening in the middle of the upper lip. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth (palate).

Craniofacial reconstruction - series

There are four major bones of the face the maxilla, the zygoma, the mandible, and the frontal bone of the cranium.


Why the Procedure Is Performed


After the Procedure

Outlook (Prognosis)