Post-COVID; Post-COVID conditions; PCC; Long-haul COVID; Post-acute COVID-19; Post-acute sequelae of SARS CoV-2 infection; PASC; Long-term effects of COVID-19; Chronic COVID

Most people who have COVID-19 recover completely. Some people continue to have health problems after having COVID-19. This is called long COVID.

Long COVID can happen in people who had mild to severe disease or no symptoms at all during an active COVID-19 infection. Long COVID most often affects adults. It can also occur in children, although less often.

Other names for long COVID include: long-haul COVID, chronic COVID, post-COVID conditions (PCC), and post-acute sequelae of SARS CoV-2 infection (PASC).

How long COVID affects the body

Some people who had COVID-19 experience symptoms that recur or persist 4 or more weeks after the initial infection. This is called long COVID or post-COVID conditions. Long COVID has a wide range of symptoms that can affect one or more body systems. Common symptoms of long COVID include whole-body symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, and worsening symptoms after physical or mental effort. Long COVID can also affect the muscles and joints, digestion, kidneys and reproductive organs, heart and blood vessels, lungs, nervous system, and mental health. COVID-19 is a new disease, so no one knows exactly what the outlook will be for people with post-COVID symptoms. Research is ongoing into how to help people with long COVID overcome the condition.

Long-term effects of COVID

Cardiovascular Blood clots, stroke, chest pain, palpitations (strong, fast, or irregular heartbeat), other heart problems Systemic Fatigue, worsening symptoms after mental or physical activity, fever, chills, flushing, sweats, pain Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Sore throat, tinnitus, visual symptoms, hearing loss Musculoskeletal Joint pain, muscle pain and aches Genitourinary Kidney problems, menstruation changes Neuropsychiatric Difficulty thinking or concentrating (“brain fog”), headache, sleep problems, dizziness, pins-and-needles feelings, changes in smell or taste, depression or anxiety Gastrointestinal Abdominal pain, nausea, reflux, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite Respiratory Cough, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath Dermatological Hair loss, COVID toe, skin rashes



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