Liver Transplantation in Patients With CirrHosis and Severe Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure: iNdications and outComEs
Age: 18 - 80 years
Recruitment Status: Recruiting
Start Date: July 08, 2021
End Date: December 31, 2026
Management of ACLF is mainly supportive. The poor outcomes lead physicians to consider liver transplantation as an option, even if controversial. In sicker recipients, LT results in immediate survival, but poor medium-term survival rates in some studies. The scarcity of deceased donors obliges to maximize LT success. Alternative strategies, as living-donor LT, should be explored. LDLT has impressive results in Eastern centers, but it is restrained in Western countries, due to potential life-threatening complications in the donor.
1. Male or female subject ≥18 years of age.
2. Subjects with diagnosis of liver cirrhosis (based on clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, and ultrasonographic features or on histology).
3. Subjects who have been hospitalized for acute decompensation of liver cirrhosis and referred to the transplant team:
- Group 1: patients listed for liver transplantation with ACLF-2 or 3 at the time of listing or developing ACLF 2-3 while on the waiting list.
- Group 2: patients listed for liver transplantation with decompensated cirrhosis without ACLF-2 or 3 and poor liver function (MELD>20) at the time of listing.
- Group 3: patients having ACLF-2 or 3, are assessed for inclusion in the waiting list, but are finally not listed for liver transplantation.
4. Patients (or trusted person, family member or close relation if the patient is unable to express consent) who have been informed and signed their informed consent Inclusion criteria