Diabetes - tests and checkups
Routine diabetes tests; Diabetes - prevention
See Your Doctor
See your diabetes doctor for an exam every 3 to 6 months. During this exam, your doctor should check your:
- Blood pressure
See your dentist every 6 months, also.
An eye doctor should check your eyes every year. See an eye doctor who takes care of people with diabetes.
If you have eye problems because of diabetes, you will probably see your eye doctor more often.
Your doctor should check the pulses in your feet and your reflexes at least once a year. Your doctor should also look for:
- Loss of feeling anywhere in your feet (peripheral neuropathy)
If you have had foot ulcers before, see your doctor every 3 to 6 months. It is always a good idea to ask your doctor to check your feet.
Hemoglobin A1C Tests
An A1C lab test shows how well you are controlling your blood sugar levels over a 3-month period.
The normal level is less than 5.7%. Most people with diabetes should aim for an A1C of less than 7%. Some people have a higher target. Your doctor will help decide what your target should be.
Higher A1C numbers mean that your blood sugar is higher and that you may be more likely to have complications from your diabetes.
A cholesterol profile test measures cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. You should have this kind of test in the morning, after not eating since the night before.
Adults with type 2 diabetes should have this test every 5 years. People with high cholesterol or are on medicines to control their cholesterol may have this test more often.
Blood pressure should be measured at every visit.
American Diabetes Association. 3. Comprehensive medical evaluation and assessment of comorbidities: standards of medical care in diabetes-2018. Diabetes Care. 2018;41(Suppl 1):S28-S37. PMID: 29222374
Cagliero E. Diabetes and long-term complications. In: Jameson JL, De Groot LJ, de Kretser DM, et al, eds. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 51.
Last reviewed on: 5/17/2018
Reviewed by: Brent Wisse, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology & Nutrition, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.