Questions to ask your doctor about spinal surgery

What to ask your surgeon about spinal surgery - before; Before spinal surgery - surgeon questions; Before spinal surgery - what to ask your surgeon; Questions to ask your surgeon about back surgery

You are going to have surgery on your spine. The main types of spinal surgery include diskectomy, laminectomy, foraminotomy, and spinal fusion.

Below are questions you may want to ask your surgeon to help you prepare for spinal surgery.

Herniated nucleus pulposus

Herniated nucleus pulposus is a condition in which part or all of the soft, gelatinous central portion of an intervertebral disk is forced through a weakened part of the disk, resulting in back pain and nerve root irritation.

Lumbar spinal surgery - Series

The spine is made of bones (vertebrae) separated by soft cushions (intervertebral disks).

Spinal surgery - cervical - series

The cervical spinal column is made up of vertebral bodies which protect the spinal cord.

Microdiskectomy - series

The appearance of a normal intervertebral disk is compared to a herniated disk.

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the lumbar or cervical spinal canal. The narrowing can cause compression on nerve roots resulting in pain or weakness of the legs. Medications or steroid injections are often administered to reduce inflammation. If the pain is persistent and does not respond to these conservative measures, surgery is considered to relieve the pressure on the nerves.

Spinal fusion - series - Normal anatomy

The vertebrae are the bones that make up the spinal column, which surrounds and protects the spinal cord. The intervertbral discs are soft tissues that sit between each vertebrae and act as cusions between vertebrae, and absorb energy while the spinal column flexes, extends, and twists. Nerves from the spinal cord exit the spinal column between each vertebra.