Periventricular leukomalacia

PVL; Brain injury – infants; Encephalopathy of prematurity

Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a type of brain injury that affects premature infants. The condition involves the death of small areas of brain tissue around fluid-filled areas called ventricles. The damage creates "holes" in the brain. "Leuko" refers to the brain's white matter. "Periventricular" refers to the area around the ventricles.

Periventricular leukomalacia

Periventricular leukomalasia (PVL) is a type of brain injury. PVL actually represent small holes in the brain due to the death of small areas of brain tissue around the normal fluid-filled cavities of the brain. PVL is frequently associated with the development of neurological and developmental problems in growing babies, usually during the first to second year of life.

Causes

Exams and Tests

Treatment

Outlook (Prognosis)