Irritable bowel syndrome

IBS; Irritable bowel; Spastic colon; Irritable colon; Mucous colitis; Spastic colitis; Abdominal pain - IBS; Diarrhea - IBS; Constipation – IBS; IBS-C; IBS-D

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder that leads to pain in abdomen and bowel changes.

IBS is not the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

A common sign of IBS is frequent:The correct answer is all of the above. IBS symptoms vary from person to person and can range from mild to severe. Talk to your doctor if you have had IBS symptoms on 3 or more days a month for the past 3 months.Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the same as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).The correct answer is myth. IBD includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, conditions that damage the lining of the digestive tract. IBS causes belly pain and abnormal bowel movements but does not harm the intestines.IBS is a common disorder.The correct answer is fact. About 1 in 6 people in the U.S. have symptoms of IBS. It is the most common intestinal problem that brings patients to a bowel specialist (gastroenterologist).Everyone with IBS has diarrhea.The correct answer is myth. Some people with IBS have frequent diarrhea, while others tend to have hard stools and be constipated. It's also common to switch between diarrhea and constipation. Bowel problems may get worse for a few weeks and then clear up for awhile. Discuss any changes in your bowel movements with your doctor.Doctors need to run a lot of tests to diagnose IBS.The correct answer is myth. There is no test to diagnose IBS, although tests may be done to rule out other problems. Most of the time, your doctor can diagnose IBS based on your symptoms, with few or no tests.Stress plays a role in triggering IBS symptoms.The correct answer is fact. Signals go back and forth between the bowel and brain. These signals affect bowel movements. Stress may cause the intestines to be more sensitive and to squeeze more often. Finding ways to relieve stress can help keep symptoms at bay.There is a special IBS diet that relieves symptoms for most people.The correct answer is myth. Dietary changes can be helpful. However, no specific diet works for everyone with IBS. This is because the symptoms differ from one person to another. Keeping a food diary can help you figure out which foods make your symptoms worse.Which foods or drinks are most likely to cause IBS symptoms?The correct answer is any of the above. These are common triggers, although not everyone with IBS will react to all of these foods. Avoiding caffeine is a good idea for most people with IBS. Caffeine can make the intestines more active.What type of medicines can treat IBS?The correct answer is all of the above. Your doctor will recommend medicines based on your symptoms. Always follow your doctor’s instructions when using medicines for IBS. You should not take a different amount or take the medicine more or less often. Doing so can lead to further problems. Low doses of tricyclic antidepressants can help relieve pain and discomfort even if you are not depressed.It's normal to lose a lot of weight when IBS flares up.The correct answer is myth. Unexpected weight loss of more than 5 to 10 pounds could be a sign of a more serious problem. Contact your doctor right away if you have weight loss when you are not trying, bloody stools, fever, or severe pain.
Digestive system

The esophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, aided by the liver, gallbladder and pancreas convert the nutritive components of food into energy and break down the non-nutritive components into waste to be excreted.

Are your off again, on again, bathroom habits affecting your daily life? If so, you may have Irritable Bowel Syndrome, or IBS. IBS is a problem that causes abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in your bowel movements. IBS is known as a functional bowel disorder, and is not considered a disease. What I mean by that, is when a doctor passes a colonoscope into the colon to look around, everything may look perfectly normal - but yet, Your colon may not be not be acting normal at all! Symptoms of IBS can range from mild to severe. The main symptoms are diarrhea, constipation, or both. And you will probably experience abdominal pain, bloating, and gas. These symptoms often will temporarily improve after having a bowel movement, and that instant relief of course feels good. But, the important thing to understand is that the root of the problem often isn't here (abdomen), its here (head). IBS is a classic example of your mind affecting your bowels. It's rarely seen in folks who are not stressed, anxious, or depressed. It's often hard to determine why people get IBS. It has been found that IBS is twice as common in women as it is in men, and can develop at any age, but most get it as teenagers or in early adulthood. Diet can also cause IBS. Foods that often cause IBS symptoms are Fatty foods, such as French fries, or any drink containing caffeine like coffee and tea. One great idea is to keep a Food Diary. Write down what you're eating and when, and include the symptoms you experience after you eat. This information can be helpful to your doctor in identifying if you have IBS. The way most doctors diagnose IBS is by gathering your history and ruling out other things like lactose intolerance, gluten intolerance or some sort of bowel infection. Your doctor might recommend a colonoscopy just to make sure the colon looks okay. But remember, there is no specific test to diagnose IBS. So, how do you manage IBS? For some people, symptoms can reduce their ability to work, travel, and attend social events, and some may have to deal with IBS the rest of their life. There are several ways to manage your IBS. Large meals can make your symptoms worse. Try eating 4 to 5 smaller meals per day. Extra Fiber can bulk up your stools to help with diarrhea or help draw in extra water to help with constipation. Laxatives can help with difficult constipation. Drugs like Hyoscyamine help to calm down an overactive digestive tract. Lastly, since stress, depression and anxiety can fuel IBS, work on ways to relax. Perhaps, try exercise, meditation or yoga - and if that doesn't work, consider trying an antidepressant drug to help improve your mood. Oh, and keep in mind that blood in your stool or significant weight loss are not part of IBS, so be sure to let your doctor know if that ever shows up. Remember that the mind and the body are interconnected. You can't expect to feel good here (head), without feeling good down here (abdomen), and vice versa.



Exams and Tests


Outlook (Prognosis)

When to Contact a Medical Professional