Cardiology

Cardiology addresses all matters of the heart, from monitoring cholesterol levels to treating heart attack, heart failure, valve problems, arrhythmias, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. 

Learn more about cardiology at the Mount Sinai Health System

We've found 165
total results for Cardiology.
results for Cardiology that begins with
ALL # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A

Self-Care Instructions
ACE inhibitors
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors

Diseases & Conditions
Acute coronary syndrome
Acute coronary syndrome is a term for any condition that suddenly stops (or severely reduces) blood from flowing to the heart. When blood cannot flow to the heart, the heart muscle can become damaged. Heart...

Diseases & Conditions
Angina
Angina is a type of chest discomfort or pain due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels (coronary vessels) of the heart muscle (myocardium). chest discomfort or pain There are different types of angina...

Discharge Instructions
Angina - discharge
Chest pain - discharge; Stable angina - discharge; Chronic angina - discharge; Variant angina - discharge; Angina pectoris - discharge; Accelerating angina - discharge; New-onset angina - discharge; Angina...

Questions To Ask Your Doctor
Angina - what to ask your doctor
What to ask your doctor about angina and heart disease; Coronary artery disease - what to ask your doctor

Self-Care Instructions
Angina - when you have chest pain
Acute coronary syndrome - chest pain; Coronary artery disease - chest pain; CAD - chest pain; Coronary heart disease - chest pain; ACS - chest pain; Heart attack - chest pain; Myocardial infarction - chest...

Discharge Instructions
Angioplasty and stent - heart - discharge
Drug-eluting stents - discharge; PCI - discharge; Percutaneous coronary intervention - discharge; Balloon angioplasty - discharge; Coronary angioplasty - discharge; Coronary artery angioplasty - discharge...

Surgery
Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery
The blood vessels that bring blood to your brain and face are called the carotid arteries. You have a carotid artery on each side of your neck. The blood flow in this artery can become partly or totally...

Discharge Instructions
Angioplasty and stent placement - carotid artery - discharge
You had an angioplasty done when you were in the hospital. You may have also had a stent (a tiny wire mesh tube) placed in the blocked area to keep it open. Both of these were done to open a narrowed or...

Surgery
Angioplasty and stent placement - heart
Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to the heart. These blood vessels are called the coronary arteries. A coronary artery stent is a small, metal mesh...

Diseases & Conditions
Aortic arch syndrome
Aortic arch syndrome refers to a group of signs and symptoms associated with structural problems in the arteries that branch off the aortic arch. The aortic arch is the top part of the main artery carrying...

Diseases & Conditions
Aortic dissection
Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which there is a tear in the wall of the major artery carrying blood out of the heart (aorta). As the tear extends along the wall of the aorta, blood can flow...

Diseases & Conditions
Aortic insufficiency
Aortic insufficiency is a heart valve disease in which the aortic valve does not close tightly. This allows blood to flow from the aorta (the largest blood vessel) into the left ventricle (a chamber of...

Diseases & Conditions
Aortic stenosis
The aorta is the main artery that carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body. Blood flows out of the heart and into the aorta through the aortic valve. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does...

Diseases & Conditions
Aortopulmonary window
Aortopulmonary window is a rare heart defect in which there is a hole connecting the major artery taking blood from the heart to the body (the aorta) and the one taking blood from the heart to the lungs...

Tests
Apolipoprotein B100
Apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100) is a protein that plays a role in moving cholesterol around your body. It is a form of low density lipoprotein (LDL). Mutations (changes) in apoB100 can cause a condition called...

Tests
Apolipoprotein CII
Apolipoprotein CII (apoCII) is a protein found in large fat particles that the gastrointestinal tract absorbs. It is also found in very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), which is made up of mostly triglycerides...

Diseases & Conditions
Arrhythmias
An arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart rate (pulse) or heart rhythm. The heart can beat too fast (tachycardia), too slow (bradycardia), or irregularly. heart rate An arrhythmia can be harmless, a sign...

Diseases & Conditions
Arterial embolism
Arterial embolism is a sudden interruption of blood flow to an organ or body part due to a clot (embolus) that has come from another part of the body.

Tests
Arteriogram
An arteriogram is an imaging test that uses x-rays and a special dye to see inside the arteries. It can be used to view arteries in the heart, brain, kidney, and other parts of the body. Related tests include...

Self-Care Instructions
Aspirin and heart disease
Blood thinners - aspirin; Antiplatelet therapy - aspirin

Discharge Instructions
Atrial fibrillation - discharge
You may have been in the hospital because you have atrial fibrillation. This condition occurs when your heart beats faster than normal or in an irregular way. You may have developed this problem while you...

Diseases & Conditions
Atrial fibrillation or flutter
Atrial fibrillation or flutter is a common type of abnormal heartbeat. The heart rhythm is fast and most often irregular.

Diseases & Conditions
Atrial myxoma
An atrial myxoma is a noncancerous tumor in the upper left or right side of the heart. It most often grows on the wall that separates the two sides of the heart. This wall is called the atrial septum.

Diseases & Conditions
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). As a baby develops in the womb, a wall (septum) forms that divides the upper chamber into a left and right atrium. An...

Special Topics
Auscultation
Auscultation is listening to the sounds of the body during a physical examination. physical examination

B

Self-Care Instructions
Being active after your heart attack
Heart attack - activity; MI - activity; Myocardial infarction - activity; Caridiac rehabilitation - activity; ACS - activity; NSTEMI - activity; Acute coronary syndrome activity

Self-Care Instructions
Being active when you have heart disease
Heart disease - activity; CAD - activity; Coronary artery disease - activity; Angina - activity

Self-Care Instructions
Bile acid sequestrants for cholesterol
Antilipemic agent; Bile acid resins; Colestipol (Colestid®); Cholestyramine (LoCholest®, Prevalite®, and Questran®); Colesevelam (Welchol®)

Special Topics
Blood pressure monitors for home
Your health care provider may ask you to keep track of your blood pressure at home. To do this, you will need to get a home blood pressure monitor. The monitor you choose should be of good quality and fit...

Tests
Brain natriuretic peptide test
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) test is a blood test that measures levels of a protein called BPN that is made by your heart and blood vessels. BNP levels are higher than normal when you have heart failure...

Self-Care Instructions
Butter, margarine, and cooking oils
When you cook, solid margarine or butter is not the best choice. Butter is high in saturated fat, which can raise your cholesterol. It can also increase your chance of heart disease. Most margarines have...

C

Surgery
Cardiac ablation procedures
Cardiac ablation is a procedure that is used to scar small areas in your heart that may be involved in your heart rhythm problems. This can prevent the abnormal electrical signals or rhythms from moving...

Diseases & Conditions
Cardiac amyloidosis
Cardiac amyloidosis is a disorder caused by deposits of an abnormal protein (amyloid) in the heart tissue. These deposits make it hard for the heart to work properly.

Diseases & Conditions
Cardiac arrest
Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating. When this happens, blood flow to the brain and the rest of the body also stops. Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If it is not treated within...

Tests
Cardiac catheterization
Cardiac catheterization involves passing a thin flexible tube (catheter) into the right or left side of the heart. The catheter is most often inserted from the groin or the arm.

Discharge Instructions
Cardiac catheterization - discharge
Catheterization - cardiac - discharge; Heart catheterization - discharge: Catheterization - cardiac; Heart catheterization; Angina - cardiac catheterization discharge; CAD - cardiac catheterization discharge...

Self-Care Instructions
Cardiac rehabilitation
Cardiac rehab; Heart attack - cardiac rehab; Coronary heart disease - cardiac rehab; Coronary artery disease - cardiac rehab; Angina - cardiac rehab; Heart failure - cardiac rehab

Diseases & Conditions
Cardiogenic shock
Cardiogenic shock is when the heart has been damaged so much that it is unable to supply enough blood to the organs of the body.

Diseases & Conditions
Cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is disease in which the heart muscle becomes weakened, stretched, or has another structural problem. It often occurs when the heart cannot pump or function well. Most people with cardiomyopathy...

Special Topics
Cardioversion
Cardioversion is a method to return an abnormal heart rhythm back to normal.

Discharge Instructions
Carotid artery surgery - discharge
You had carotid artery surgery to restore proper blood flow to your brain. Your surgeon made an incision (cut) in your neck over your carotid artery. A tube was put in place for blood to flow around the...

Symptoms
Chest pain
Chest pain is discomfort or pain that you feel anywhere along the front of your body between your neck and upper abdomen.

In-depth Report
Cholesterol
An in-depth report on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of unhealthy cholesterol levels.

Self-Care Instructions
Cholesterol - drug treatment
Hyperlipidemia - drug treatment; Hardening of the arteries - statin

Questions To Ask Your Doctor
Cholesterol - what to ask your doctor
Hyperlipidemia - what to ask your doctor; What to ask your doctor about cholesterol

Self-Care Instructions
Cholesterol and lifestyle

Self-Care Instructions
Cholesterol testing and results
Cholesterol test results; LDL test results; VLDL test results; HDL test results; Coronary risk profile results; Hyperlipidemia-results; Lipid disorder test results

Self-Care Instructions
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
Blood thinners - clopidogrel; Antiplatelet therapy - clopidogrel

Diseases & Conditions
Coarctation of the aorta
The aorta carries blood from the heart to the vessels that supply the body with blood. If part of the aorta is narrowed, it is hard for blood to pass through the artery. This is called coarctation of the...

Self-Care Instructions
Controlling your high blood pressure
Controlling hypertension

Tests
Coronary angiography
Coronary angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x-rays to see how blood flows through the arteries in your heart.

In-depth Report
Coronary artery disease
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Diseases & Conditions
Coronary artery spasm
The coronary arteries supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary artery spasm is a brief, sudden narrowing of one of these arteries.

Diseases & Conditions
Coronary heart disease
Coronary heart disease is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also called coronary artery disease.

Diseases & Conditions
Cyanotic heart disease
Cyanotic heart disease refers to a group of many different heart defects that are present at birth (congenital). They result in a low blood oxygen level. Cyanosis refers to a bluish color of the skin and...

D

Self-Care Instructions
Dietary fats explained
Fats are a type of nutrient that you get from your diet. It is essential to eat some fats, though it is also harmful to eat too many. The fats you eat give your body energy that it needs to work properly...

Diseases & Conditions
Digitalis toxicity
Digitalis is a medicine that is used to treat certain heart conditions. Digitalis toxicity is a complication of digitalis therapy. It may occur when someone takes too much of the drug at one time. (This...

Diseases & Conditions
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy is disease in which the heart muscle becomes weakened, stretched, or has another structural problem. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes weakened and enlarged...

Diseases & Conditions
Double inlet left ventricle
Double inlet left ventricle (DILV) is a heart defect that is present from birth (congenital). It affects the valves and chambers of the heart. Babies born with this condition have only one working pumping...

Diseases & Conditions
Double outlet right ventricle
Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a heart disease that is present from birth (congenital). The aorta connects to the right ventricle (RV, the chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen-poor blood to the...

Diseases & Conditions
Drug-induced hypertension
Drug-induced hypertension is high blood pressure caused by using a chemical substance, drug, or medication. high blood pressure

E

Tests
Echocardiogram
An echocardiogram is a test that uses sound waves to create pictures of the heart. The picture and information it produces is more detailed than a standard x-ray image. An echocardiogram does not expose...

Tests
Echocardiogram - children
An echocardiogram is a test that uses sound waves to create pictures of the heart. It is used with children to help diagnose defects of the heart that are present at birth (congenital). The picture is more...

Diseases & Conditions
Ectopic heartbeat
Ectopic heartbeats are small changes in a heartbeat that is otherwise normal. These changes lead to extra or skipped heartbeats. Often there is not a clear cause for these changes. They are mostly harmless...

Diseases & Conditions
Eisenmenger syndrome
Eisenmenger syndrome is a condition that affects blood flow from the heart to the lungs in some people who were born with structural problems of the heart.

Tests
Electrocardiogram
An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart.

Diseases & Conditions
Endocardial cushion defect
Endocardial cushion defect (ECD) is an abnormal heart condition. The walls separating all 4 chambers of the heart are poorly formed or absent. Also, the valves separating the upper and lower chambers of...

Diseases & Conditions
Endocarditis - children
The inner lining of the heart chambers and heart valves is called the endocardium. Endocarditis occurs when this tissue becomes swollen or inflamed.

Tests
Exercise stress test
An exercise stress test is used to measure the effect of exercise on your heart.

F

Diseases & Conditions
Familial combined hyperlipidemia
Familial combined hyperlipidemia is a disorder that is passed down through families. It causes high cholesterol and high blood triglycerides. high blood triglycerides

Diseases & Conditions
Familial hypercholesterolemia
Familial hypercholesterolemia is a disorder that is passed down through families. It causes LDL (bad) cholesterol level to be very high. The condition begins at birth and can cause heart attacks at an early...

Diseases & Conditions
Familial hypertriglyceridemia
Familial hypertriglyceridemia is a common disorder passed down through families. It causes a higher-than-normal level of triglycerides (a type of fat) in a person's blood. The condition is not linked to...

Self-Care Instructions
Fast food tips
Fast foods are quick and easy substitutes for home cooking. But fast foods are almost always high in calories, fat, sugar, and salt. Some restaurants still use hydrogenated vegetable oils for frying. These...

Special Topics
Fibrates
Antilipemic agent; Fenofibrate (Antara®, Fenoglide®, Lipofen®, Tricor®, and Triglide®); Gemfibrozil (Lopid®); Fenofibric acid (Trilipix®); Hyperlipidemia - fibrates; Hardening of the arteries - fibrates...

H

Diseases & Conditions
Hardening of the arteries
Hardening of the arteries, also called atherosclerosis, occurs when fat, cholesterol, and other substances build up in the walls of arteries. These deposits are called plaques. Over time, these plaques...

Tests
Heart CT scan
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the heart is an imaging method that uses x-rays to create detailed pictures of the heart and its blood vessels. This test is called a coronary calcium scan when it is...

Tests
Heart PET scan
A heart positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that uses a radioactive substance called a tracer to look for disease or poor blood flow in the heart. Unlike magnetic resonance imaging...

Special Topics
Heart and vascular services
The body's cardiovascular, or circulatory system, is made of the heart, blood, and blood vessels (arteries and veins). Heart and vascular services refers to the branch of medicine that focuses on the cardiovascular...

Diseases & Conditions
Heart attack
Most heart attacks are caused by a blood clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries bring blood and oxygen to the heart. If the blood flow is blocked, the heart is starved of oxygen...

Discharge Instructions
Heart attack - discharge
Myocardial infarction - discharge; MI - discharge; Coronary event - discharge; Infarct - discharge; Acute coronary syndrome - discharge; ACS - discharge

Questions To Ask Your Doctor
Heart attack - what to ask your doctor
What to ask your doctor about your heart attack

In-depth Report
Heart attack and acute coronary syndrome
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of heart attack.

Diseases & Conditions
Heart block
Heart block is a problem in the electrical signals in the heart. Normally, the heart beat starts in an area in the top chambers of the heart (atria). This area is the heart's pacemaker. The electrical signals...

Discharge Instructions
Heart bypass surgery - discharge
Off-pump coronary artery bypass - discharge; OPCAB - discharge; Beating heart surgery - discharge; Bypass surgery - heart - discharge; CABG - discharge; Coronary artery bypass graft - discharge; Coronary...

Discharge Instructions
Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge
Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass - discharge; MIDCAB - discharge; Robot assisted coronary artery bypass - discharge; RACAB - discharge; Keyhole heart surgery - discharge; Coronary artery...

Special Topics
Heart disease - resources
The following organizations are good resources for information on heart disease: American Heart Association -- www.heart.orgCenters for Disease Control and Prevention -- www.cdc.gov/heartdisease American...

Self-Care Instructions
Heart disease - risk factors
Heart disease - prevention; CVD - risk factors; Cardiovascular disease - risk factors; Coronary artery disease - risk factors; CAD - risk factors

Self-Care Instructions
Heart disease and depression

Self-Care Instructions
Heart disease and intimacy
If you have had angina, heart surgery, or a heart attack, you may: Wonder if and when you can have sex againHave different feelings about having sex or being intimate with your partner Almost everyone with...

Special Topics
Heart disease and women
People often DO NOT consider heart disease a woman's disease. Yet cardiovascular disease is the leading killer of women over age 25. It kills nearly twice as many women in the United States as all types...

In-depth Report
Heart failure
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of heart failure.

Discharge Instructions
Heart failure - discharge
Congestive heart failure - discharge; CHF - discharge; HF - discharge

Self-Care Instructions
Heart failure - fluids and diuretics
HF - fluids and diuretics; CHF - ICD discharge; Cardiomyopathy - ICD discharge

Self-Care Instructions
Heart failure - home monitoring
HF - home monitoring; CHF - home monitoring; Cardiomyopathy - home monitoring

Discharge Instructions
Heart failure - medicines
CHF - medicines; Congestive heart failure - medicines; Cardiomyopathy - medicines; HF - medicines

Diseases & Conditions
Heart failure - overview
Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is no longer able to pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes symptoms to occur throughout the body.

Discharge Instructions
Heart failure - palliative care
CHF - palliative; Congestive heart failure - palliative; Cardiomyopathy - palliative; HF - palliative; Cardiac cachexia; End-of-life-heart failure

Discharge Instructions
Heart failure - surgeries and devices
CHF - surgery; Congestive heart failure - surgery; Cardiomyopathy - surgery; HF - surgery; Intra-aortic balloon pumps - heart failure; IABP - heart failure; Catheter based assist devices - heart failure

Discharge Instructions
Heart failure - tests
CHF - tests; Congestive heart failure - tests; Cardiomyopathy - tests; HF - tests

Questions To Ask Your Doctor
Heart failure - what to ask your doctor
What to ask your doctor about heart failure; HF - what to ask your doctor

Symptoms
Heart murmurs
A heart murmur is a blowing, whooshing, or rasping sound heard during a heartbeat. The sound is caused by turbulent (rough) blood flow through the heart valves or near the heart.

Surgery
Heart pacemaker
A pacemaker is a small, battery-operated device that senses when your heart is beating irregularly or too slowly. It sends a signal to your heart that makes your heart beat at the correct pace. irregularly...

Discharge Instructions
Heart pacemaker - discharge
Cardiac pacemaker implantation - discharge; Artificial pacemaker - discharge; Permanent pacemaker - discharge; Internal pacemaker - discharge; Cardiac resynchronization therapy - discharge; CRT - discharge...

Symptoms
Heart palpitations
Palpitations are feelings or sensations that your heart is pounding or racing. They can be felt in your chest, throat, or neck. You may: Have an unpleasant awareness of your own heartbeatFeel like your...

Discharge Instructions
Heart valve surgery - discharge
You had surgery to repair or replace one of your heart valves. Your surgery may have been done through a large incision (cut) in the middle of your chest, through a smaller cut between 2 of your ribs, or...

In-depth Report
Heart-healthy diet
An in-depth report on how to build the best diet for your heart's health.

Diseases & Conditions
High blood cholesterol levels
Cholesterol is a fat (also called a lipid) that your body needs to work properly. Too much bad cholesterol can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems. The medical term...

Diseases & Conditions
High blood pressure
Blood pressure is a measurement of the force exerted against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood to your body. Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure...

In-depth Report
High blood pressure
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of high blood pressure.

Special Topics
High blood pressure and diet
Making changes to your diet is a proven way to help control high blood pressure. These changes can also help you lose weight and lower your chance of heart disease and stroke. high blood pressure Your health...

Special Topics
High blood pressure medicines
Treating high blood pressure will help prevent problems such as heart disease, stroke, loss of eyesight, chronic kidney disease, and other blood vessel diseases. high blood pressure You may need to take...

Tests
His bundle electrography
His bundle electrography is a test that measures electrical activity in a part of the heart that carries the signals that control the time between heartbeats (contractions).

Tests
Holter monitor (24h)
A Holter monitor is a machine that continuously records the heart's rhythms. The monitor is worn for 24 to 48 hours during normal activity.

Self-Care Instructions
How to read food labels
Food labels tell you the nutrition facts about the foods you buy. Use the food labels to help you choose healthier foods.

Special Topics
How to take statins
Antilipemic Agent; HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors; Atorvastatin (Lipitor®); Simvastatin (Zocor®); Lovastatin (Mevacor®, Altoprev®); Pravastatin (Pravachol®); Rosuvastatin (Crestor®); Fluvastatin (Lescol®...

Diseases & Conditions
Hypertensive heart disease
Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart problems that occur because of high blood pressure that is present over a long time.

Diseases & Conditions
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which the heart muscle becomes thick. Often, only 1 part of the heart is thicker than the other parts. The thickening can make it harder for blood to...

I

Discharge Instructions
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator - discharge
ICD - discharge; Defibrillation - discharge; Arrhythmia - ICD discharge; Abnormal heart rhythm - ICD discharge; Ventricular fibrillation - ICD discharge; VF - ICD discharge; V Fib - ICD discharge

Surgery
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a device that detects any life-threatening, rapid heartbeat. This abnormal heartbeat is called an arrhythmia. If it occurs, the ICD quickly sends an electrical...

Tests
Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS)
Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) is a test to look at how well the heart's electrical signals are working. It is used to check for abnormal heartbeats or heart rhythms. heart rhythms

L

Tests
Left heart catheterization
Left heart catheterization is the passage of a thin flexible tube (catheter) into the left side of the heart. It is done to diagnose or treat certain heart problems.

Tests
Left heart ventricular angiography
Left heart ventricular angiography is a procedure to look at the left-sided heart chambers and the function of the left-sided valves. It is sometimes combined with coronary angiography.

Tests
Lipoprotein-a
Lipoproteins are molecules made of proteins and fat. They carry cholesterol and similar substances through the blood. proteins A blood test can be done to measure a specific type of lipoprotein called lipoprotein...

Self-Care Instructions
Living with heart disease and angina
Coronary artery disease - living with; CAD - living with; Chest pain - living with

Self-Care Instructions
Low-salt diet

M

Self-Care Instructions
Mediterranean diet

Diseases & Conditions
Mitral stenosis
Mitral stenosis is a disorder in which the mitral valve does not fully open. This restricts the flow of blood.

Diseases & Conditions
Mitral valve prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse is a heart problem involving the mitral valve, which separates the upper and lower chambers of the left side of the heart. In this condition, the valve does not close normally.

Diseases & Conditions
Mitral valve regurgitation
Mitral regurgitation is a disorder in which the mitral valve on the left side of the heart does not close properly. Regurgitation means leaking from a valve that does not close all the way.

Diseases & Conditions
Multifocal atrial tachycardia
Multifocal atrial tachycardia (MAT) is a rapid heart rate. It occurs when too many signals (electrical impulses) are sent from the upper heart (atria) to the lower heart (ventricles). rapid heart rate

Tests
Myocardial biopsy
Myocardial biopsy is the removal of a small piece of heart muscle for examination.

Diseases & Conditions
Myocarditis
Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. The condition is called pediatric myocarditis when it occurs in children. pediatric myocarditis

N

Special Topics
Niacin for cholesterol
Antilipemic agent; Vitamin B3; Nicotinic acid; Niaspan; Niacor: Hyperlipidemia - niacin; Hardening of the arteries - niacin; Cholesterol - niacin; Hypercholesterolemia - niacin; Dyslipidemia - niacin

Tests
Nuclear ventriculography
Nuclear ventriculography is a test that uses radioactive materials called tracers to show the heart chambers. The procedure is noninvasive. The instruments DO NOT directly touch the heart. noninvasive

P

Diseases & Conditions
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT)
Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) is episodes of rapid heart rate that start in a part of the heart above the ventricles. "Paroxysmal" means from time to time. rapid heart rate

Discharge Instructions
Pediatric heart surgery - discharge
Congenital heart surgery - discharge; Patent ductus arteriosus ligation - discharge; Hypoplastic left heart repair - discharge; Tetralogy of Fallot repair - discharge; Coarctation of the aorta repair -...

Tests
Pericardiocentesis
Pericardiocentesis is a procedure that uses a needle to remove fluid from the pericardial sac. This is the tissue that surrounds the heart.

Diseases & Conditions
Pericarditis
Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed.

Diseases & Conditions
Pericarditis - after heart attack
Pericarditis is inflammation and swelling of the covering of the heart (pericardium). It can occur in the days or weeks following a heart attack.

Diseases & Conditions
Pericarditis - constrictive
Constrictive pericarditis is long-term (chronic) inflammation of the sac-like covering of the heart (the pericardium) with thickening and scarring. Related conditions include: Bacterial pericarditisPericarditisPericarditis...

Discharge Instructions
Peripheral artery bypass - leg - discharge
You had peripheral artery bypass surgery to re-route the blood supply around a blocked artery in one of your legs. Your surgeon made an incision (cut) over the area where the artery was blocked. This may...

Diseases & Conditions
Pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the lungs. This buildup of fluid leads to shortness of breath.

Symptoms
Pulse - bounding
A bounding pulse is a strong throbbing felt over one of the arteries in the body. It is due to a forceful heartbeat. pulse

R

Diseases & Conditions
Restrictive cardiomyopathy
Restrictive cardiomyopathy refers to a set of changes in how the heart muscle functions. These changes cause the heart to fill poorly (more common) or squeeze poorly (less common). Sometimes, both problems...

Tests
Right heart ventriculography
Right heart ventriculography is a study that images the right chambers (atrium and ventricle) of the heart.

S

Diseases & Conditions
Sick sinus syndrome
Normally, the heartbeat starts in an area in the top chambers of the heart (atria). This area is the heart's pacemaker. It may be called the sinoatrial node, sinus node or SA node. This keeps the heart...

Diseases & Conditions
Stable angina
Stable angina is chest pain or discomfort that most often occurs with activity or emotional stress. Angina is due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels in the heart. chest pain

Special Topics
Stress and your heart
Coronary heart disease - stress; Coronary artery disease - stress

Tests
Stress echocardiography
Stress echocardiography is a test that uses ultrasound imaging to show how well your heart muscle is working to pump blood to your body. It is most often used to detect a decrease in blood flow to the heart...

Tests
Swan-Ganz - right heart catheterization
Swan-Ganz catheterization is the passing of a thin tube (catheter) into the right side of the heart and the arteries leading to the lungs. It is done to monitor the heart's function and blood flow. This...

T

Self-Care Instructions
Taking warfarin (Coumadin)
Warfarin is a medicine that makes your blood less likely to form clots. This may be important if: You have already had blood clots in your leg, arm, heart, or brain.Your health care provider is worried...

Special Topics
Thrombolytic drugs for heart attack
Small blood vessels called coronary arteries supply blood and oxygen to the heart. A heart attack can occur if a blood clot stops the flow of blood through one of these arteries.Unstable angina refers to...

Special Topics
Thrombolytic therapy
Thrombolytic therapy is the use of drugs to break up or dissolve blood clots, which are the main cause of both heart attacks and stroke.

Diseases & Conditions
Tricuspid regurgitation
Blood that flows between different chambers of your heart must pass through a heart valve. These valves open up enough so that blood can flow through. They then close, keeping blood from flowing backward...

Tests
Triglyceride level
The triglyceride level is a blood test to measure the amount of triglycerides in your blood. Triglycerides are a type of fat. Your body makes some triglycerides. Triglycerides also come from the food you...

Tests
Troponin test
A troponin test measures the levels troponin T or troponin I proteins in the blood. These proteins are released when the heart muscle has been damaged, such as occurs with a heart attack. The more damage...

U

Diseases & Conditions
Unstable angina
Unstable angina is a condition in which your heart doesn't get enough blood flow and oxygen. It may lead to a heart attack. Angina is a type of chest discomfort caused by poor blood flow through the blood...

V

Diseases & Conditions
Vascular ring
Vascular ring is an abnormal formation of the aorta, the large artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It is a congenital problem, which means it is present at birth.

Diseases & Conditions
Venous insufficiency
Venous insufficiency is a condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart.

Surgery
Ventricular assist device
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) help your heart pump blood from one of the main pumping chambers to the rest of your body or to the other side of the heart. These pumps are implanted in your body. In...

Diseases & Conditions
Ventricular fibrillation
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a severely abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) that is life threatening. arrhythmia

Diseases & Conditions
Ventricular tachycardia
Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rapid heartbeat that starts in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles).

W

Diseases & Conditions
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW)
Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is a condition in which there is an extra electrical pathway in the heart. The condition can lead to periods of rapid heart rate (tachycardia). tachycardia WPW syndrome...