Open heart surgery

Heart surgery - open

Heart surgery is any surgery done on the heart muscle, valves, arteries, or the aorta and other large arteries connected to the heart.

The term "open heart surgery" means that you are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, or bypass pump during surgery.

  • Your heart is stopped while you are connected to this machine.
  • This machine does the work of your heart and lungs while your heart is stopped for the surgery. The machine adds oxygen to your blood, moves blood through your body, and removes carbon dioxide.

Common types of open-heart surgery include:

New procedures are being done on the heart through smaller cuts. Some new procedures are being done while the heart is still beating.

Heart valve surgery - series

There are four valves in the heart: aortic valve, mitral valve, tricuspid valve, and pulmonary valve. The valves are designed to control the direction of blood flow through the heart. The opening and closing of the heart valves produce the heart-beat sounds.