Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

TAPVR; Total veins; Congenital heart defect - TAPVR; Cyanotic heart disease - TAPVR

Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a heart disease in which the 4 veins that take blood from the lungs to the heart do not attach normally to the left atrium (left upper chamber of the heart). Instead, they attach to another blood vessel or the wrong part of the heart. It is present at birth (congenital heart disease).

Heart, section through the middle

The interior of the heart is composed of valves, chambers, and associated vessels.

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return, X-ray

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a form of congenital heart disease.

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return, X-ray

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a form of congenital heart disease. This X-ray shows an enlarged heart, a large liver, and increased size of the lung blood vessels (pulmonary vascularity).

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return, X-ray

Totally anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) is a form of congenital heart disease. This X-ray shows an enlarged heart, a large liver, and increased pulmonary vascularity.

Causes

Symptoms

Exams and Tests

Treatment

Outlook (Prognosis)

Possible Complications

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Prevention