An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) measures the electrical activity of your heart. The heart generates an electrical signal, which flows out from your heart through your body. Small electrical sensors, called electrodes, are put on your skin to sense the electricity that began in your heart. The electrical activity is then turned into a graph. This can give doctors an idea of whether your heart is beating normally.
Reasons for Test
An EKG is used to:
- Diagnose heart attacks and rhythm problems
- Offer clues about other heart conditions and conditions not directly related to the heart
- Detect conditions that change the body’s balance of electrolytes, such as potassium and magnesium
- Detect other problems, such as overdoses of certain drugs
Symptoms that may prompt an EKG include:
- Chest discomfort or pain
- Shortness of breath
- History of fainting
An EKG may also be obtained if you:
There are no major complications associated with this test.
What to Expect
Prior to Test
- Have a physical exam
- Be asked about your medical history
- Have your chest shaved if needed
Description of Test
You will be asked to lie quietly on your back with your shirt off. 6 small, sticky pads with attached wires will be placed across your chest. Others will be placed on your arms and legs. The wires will connect to the EKG machine. You will not feel anything during the test.
Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor if you have heart-related symptoms, such as chest pain or trouble breathing.
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Heart Association
Heart Rhythm Society
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG). American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Electrocardiogram-ECG-or-EKG_UCM_309050_Article.jsp. Updated September 11, 2015. Accessed March 2, 2016.
Noninvasive tests and procedures. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Non-Invasive-Tests-and-Procedures_UCM_303930_Article.jsp. Updated September 15, 2015. Accessed March 2, 2016.
What is an electrocardiogram? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ekg/. Updated October 1, 2010. Accessed March 2, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Michael J. Fucci, DO, FACC
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.