Skin graft

Skin transplant; Skin autografting; FTSG; STSG; Split thickness skin graft; Full thickness skin graft

A skin graft is a patch of skin that is removed by surgery from one area of the body and transplanted, or attached, to another area.

Skin graft

A skin graft is a surgical procedure in which a piece of skin is transplanted from one area to another. Often skin will be taken from unaffected areas on the injured person and used to cover a defect, often a burn. If the area of the skin defect is especially large, the harvested skin may be meshed to stretch it into a larger patch. If the defect involves a great loss of tissue, a full thickness graft, a flap of skin with underlying muscle and blood vessles, may be required. Taking the graft from the injured person makes rejection of the tissue unlikely.

Skin layers

The skin is the largest organ of the body. The skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, sweat and oil glands) make up the integumentary system. One of the main functions of the skin is protection. It protects the body from external factors such as bacteria, chemicals, and temperature. The skin contains secretions that can kill bacteria and the pigment melanin provides a chemical pigment defense against ultraviolet light that can damage skin cells. Another important function of the skin is body temperature regulation. When the skin is exposed to a cold temperature, the blood vessels in the dermis constrict. This allows the blood which is warm, to bypass the skin. The skin then becomes the temperature of the cold it is exposed to. Body heat is conserved since the blood vessels are not diverting heat to the skin anymore. Among its many functions the skin is an incredible organ always protecting the body from external agents.

Skin graft - series

The skin covers the entire body, and acts as a protective barrier. Skin grafts may be recommended for extensive wounds, burns, or specific surgeries that may require skin grafts for healing to occur. The most common sites of harvest for skin grafts are the buttocks and inner thigh, areas which are usually hidden and therefore cosmetically less important.


Why the Procedure Is Performed


Before the Procedure

After the Procedure

Outlook (Prognosis)