Hip Replacement Surgery Options
Depending on the patient’s hip condition, there are various types of procedures that could best treat it. Using minimally-invasive techniques (that reduce scarring and minimize recovery times) and non-reactive prosthetics (never metal-on-metal replacements, which are known to cause defects), Mount Sinai orthopaedic surgeons are skilled in performing the following procedures.
Arthroscopic Surgery for the Hip
This minimally-invasive procedure involves threading a camera through a small incision into the hip joint. Surgeons then use the camera to guide other instruments to the problem area in order to repair damage caused by conditions such as arthritis.
Osteotomy for the Hip
This procedure involves removing or adding a small section of bone to help decrease pressure on the damaged section of the hip joint. It is generally performed on patients thought to be too young for a total joint replacement.
Total Hip Replacement
This inpatient procedure removes a diseased or injured hip joint in its entirety, and replaces it with an artificial ball-and-socket joint (called a prosthesis). The surgery can be performed using minimally-invasive techniques, which reduce blood loss and scarring and minimize recovery times.
Anterior Intermuscular Hip Replacement
This procedure is a type of total hip replacement in which the incision is made at the front of the hip (as opposed to the back or side), which allows surgeons to access the joint by going between muscles instead of cutting through them. By leaving more muscle intact, this technique minimizes trauma to the tissue around the joint, which translates into less pain and a quicker recovery time.
Partial Hip Replacement
This procedure replaces only the ball of the joint with an artificial prosthesis, leaving the hip’s socket unmodified.
An alternative to joint replacement, hip resurfacing involves fitting an artificial cap over the ball of the joint, and a cup into the socket, thereby eliminating the painful grinding caused by the bare, arthritic joint.