Joint Replacement Treatment Options
Mount Sinai specialists provide advanced orthopedic treatments to eliminate discomfort and restore your ease of movement. Your treatment will combine clinical expertise with the latest technologies to minimize pain, shorten recovery time, and achieve the best possible long-term outcome for you. Whenever possible, we are able to help you using nonsurgical options such as pain management medications, bracing, and physical therapy.
When surgery is required, we use the most minimally invasive techniques possible to reduce scarring and shorten your recovery time.
Hip and knee are the most common types of joint replacement. You might need a joint replacement due to a trauma fracture or a disease such as arthritis. During joint replacement, our surgeons remove diseased or injured joint surfaces and replace them with artificial joints called prostheses, which are generally made of metal and plastic or ceramic. These artificial joints are designed to move like a normal healthy joint. We perform many advanced joint replacement surgical procedures including the following:
- Arthroscopic surgery involves making small “keyhole” incisions and using a small camera and refined, thin instruments to clean up the joint.
- Osteotomy is a corrective procedure to restore joint alignment and preserve cartilage.
- Total joint replacement involves removing the damaged knee or hip and replacing it with a prosthesis.
- Partial joint replacement is when we remove only the damaged part of the hip or knee and replace it with a man-made prosthesis.
- Patellofemoral replacement involves resurfacing the kneecap, known as the patella, and the end of the thighbone, known as the femur.
- Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure where we thread a camera through a small incision into your knee joint. We use the camera to guide other instruments to the problem area so that we can repair damage ranging from arthritis deterioration to meniscus tears.
- Osteotomy involves removing or adding a small section of bone to either the upper shinbone or lower thighbone to help decrease pressure on the damaged section of the knee joint. This approach is particularly effective for you if you are too young for a total joint replacement.
- Total joint replacement (also known as arthroplasty) involves reconstructing a damaged knee or hip and replacing it with a prosthesis.
- Partial (unicondylar) knee replacement is when we remove only the damaged bone and cartilage in the knee and replace it with an artificial prosthesis, leaving the healthy tissue untouched.
- Patellofemoral replacement is particularly effective when you have severe arthritis of just the kneecap and no arthritis in the rest of the knee. We insert a patella (kneecap) replacement without disturbing the rest of the knee joint.