There is specialized interest in the treatment of mesothelioma. Malignant mesothelioma, a rare form of cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the sac lining the chest (the pleura) or abdomen (the peritoneum). Most people with malignant mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they breathed asbestos.

In addition to medical oncology treatment and chemotherapy options, there are new approaches for the treatment of patients with mesothelioma. These include a small catheter approach to improve quality of life for patients with malignant pleural effusions. Usually, no hospital stay is required.