Mount Sinai Hospital Cardiologists Debunk the 5 Most Common Heart Disease Myths Plaguing Latinas
In celebration of American Heart Month, cardiologists from The Mount Sinai Hospital addressed the 5 leading myths about heart disease that often misinform the Latino community.
In celebration of American Heart Month, cardiologists from The Mount Sinai Hospital addressed the 5 leading myths about heart disease that often misinform the Latino community. According to the American Heart Association, heart disease continues to be the number one killer of Latinas in the U.S. and Hispanic women are likely to develop heart disease 10 years earlier than other women. With this in mind, the cardiologists at Mount Sinai shared the truths that dispel the most common myths about women and heart disease.
Myth # 1 - "Heart disease is a man's problem. I’m more worried about diseases that affect women."
False. Every year heart disease claims more lives among women than any other disease. Unfortunately, only 13 percent of women identify cardiovascular disease as the greatest health problem facing women today. According to Dr. Vivian Abascal, Cardiologist at The Mount Sinai Hospital and Assistant Professor of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, “a low level of awareness about heart disease exists among women because earlier investigations focused solely on men since cardiovascular disease in males typically occurs at an early age, and men traditionally experienced the highest incidence of heart disease.” By the 1980s, women surpassed men as the main victims of heart disease.
Myth # 2 - "If I have a heart attack, the symptoms will be the same as those in men."
False. Symptoms of a heart attack are manifested slightly different among men and women. As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain. Johanna P. Contreras, Cardiologist at The Mount Sinai Hospital and Assistant Professor of Mount Sinai School of Medicine, explained, "recent studies show that women wait longer than men to go to an emergency room when having a heart attack because they do not identify the symptoms or mistake them for temporary discomfort.” Dr. Contreras adds, "heart disease symptoms may be subtle, so you have to be aware of the symptoms and immediately talk to your doctor to determine the severity of the situation.” If the problem is detected early, many cardiac risk factors can be controlled, modified or deleted, including hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity and physical inactivity.
Myth # 3 - "After heart surgery or stroke, men are more likely to have complications than women."
False. Older women that are hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction have higher in-hospital mortality rates than men. Dr. Abascal explained, "over the years, evidence was accumulating that suggested estrogen helped protect women against heart disease. Women develop heart disease 10 years later than men, but by age 65, their risk is equal to that of men. Men are alerted about heart risks beginning at approximately the age of 40 because they start experiencing heart disease complications around the age of 50.” Dr. Abascal concludes, “by taking preventive measures earlier, men have been better prepared to survive a heart attack or surgery than women. Furthermore, the prevalence of hypertension is higher in women over 65 years of age than in men, which increases the risk.”
Myth # 4 - "Hypertension is not a serious problem for women. If I am not feeling any symptoms, I'm fine."
False. Hypertension is the most important, modifiable risk factor for ischemic stroke. If hypertension is not treated early, it can lead to irreversible damage. Dr. Contreras explains, "some people call hypertension ‘the silent murderer’ because its symptoms are subtle or not present and, in its early stages, only through a deep examination can the diagnosis be made." Hypertension prevents blood from flowing properly throughout the arteries, which over time can cause heart attacks and damage to other vital organs. Dr. Contreras adds, “the good news is that in most cases hypertension is treatable with a combination of lifestyle changes and medication, preventing the deleterious effects that hypertension can have long-term."
Myth # 5 - "A ‘broken heart’ is a just an expression. Emotions really don’t affect my heart."
False. Broken heart syndrome is a temporary heart condition brought on by stressful situations, such as the death of a loved one. According to Dr. Abascal, "broken heart syndrome can be confused with a heart attack because the patient can even experience shortness of breath. Only when tests are conducted, can the real problem be identified.” Although broken heart syndrome can be cured within 2 to 4 weeks, women should be aware of its existence. Dr. Abascal added, "it has been shown that chronic stress increases blood pressure which over time, can lead to a heart attack or other complications.”
Awareness and knowledge are the first steps in taking control of your health. Maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes exercise, a balanced diet and regular appointments with your doctor. Remember to take care of yourself and encourage those around you to do the same.
To learn more ways to stay healthy, tune in every Saturday at 11am on Telemundo Channel 47 New York for ¡A tu Salud!, a health and wellness TV series created by The Mount Sinai Hospital especially for the Latino community. For an appointment with a specialist contact: 1-877-241-4983 or visit www.mountsinai.org/Latino
About The Mount Sinai Medical Center
The Mount Sinai Medical Center encompasses both The Mount Sinai Hospital and Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Established in 1968, Mount Sinai School of Medicine is one of the leading medical schools in the United States. The Medical School is noted for innovation in education, biomedical research, clinical care delivery, and local and global community service. It has more than 3,400 faculty in 32 departments and 14 research institutes, and ranks among the top 20 medical schools both in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding and by U.S. News & World Report.
The Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is a 1,171-bed tertiary- and quaternary-care teaching facility and one of the nation’s oldest, largest and most-respected voluntary hospitals. In 2011, U.S. News & World Report ranked The Mount Sinai Hospital 16th on its elite Honor Roll of the nation’s top hospitals based on reputation, safety, and other patient-care factors. Of the top 20 hospitals in the United States, Mount Sinai is one of 12 integrated academic medical centers whose medical school ranks among the top 20 in NIH funding and US News & World Report and whose hospital is on the US News & World Report Honor Roll. Nearly 60,000 people were treated at Mount Sinai as inpatients last year, and approximately 560,000 outpatient visits took place.
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About the Mount Sinai Health System
The Mount Sinai Health System is New York City's largest integrated delivery system encompassing seven hospital campuses, a leading medical school, and a vast network of ambulatory practices throughout the greater New York region. Mount Sinai's vision is to produce the safest care, the highest quality, the highest satisfaction, the best access and the best value of any health system in the nation.
The System includes approximately 7,100 primary and specialty care physicians; 10 joint-venture ambulatory surgery centers; more than 140 ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, Long Island, and Florida; and 31 affiliated community health centers. The Icahn School of Medicine is one of 3 medical schools that have earned distinction by multiple indicators: ranked in the top 20 by U.S. News & World Report's "Best Medical Schools", aligned with a U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" Hospital, No. 13 in the nation for National Institutes of Health funding, and among the top 10 most innovative research institutions as ranked by the journal Nature in its Nature Innovation Index. This reflects a special level of excellence in education, clinical practice, and research. The Mount Sinai Hospital is ranked No. 18 on U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" of top U.S. hospitals; it is one of the nation's top 20 hospitals in Cardiology/Heart Surgery, Diabetes/Endocrinology, Gastroenterology/GI Surgery, Geriatrics, Nephrology, and Neurology/Neurosurgery, and in the top 50 in four other specialties in the 2017-2018 "Best Hospitals" issue. Mount Sinai's Kravis Children's Hospital also is ranked in six out of ten pediatric specialties by U.S. News & World Report. The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is ranked 12th nationally for Ophthalmology and 50th for Ear, Nose, and Throat, while Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai West are ranked regionally.