Mount Sinai Medical Center Debunks Latino Myths about Diabetes
November is Diabetes Awareness Month and the Latino community, which is disproportionately affected by the disease, subscribes to certain myths that may contribute to the staggering statistics reflective of its community.
November is Diabetes Awareness Month and the Latino community, which is disproportionately affected by the disease, subscribes to certain myths that may contribute to the staggering statistics reflective of its community. In an effort to support Diabetes prevention, Mount Sinai experts addressed the myths, debunking the 5 most commonly perpetuated myths that exist in the Latino community.
Myth #1. "Diabetes is not that serious of a disease, it’s not going to kill me!"
Every twenty seconds another neighbor, family member, co-worker or friend is told that they have Diabetes. It strikes all races, ethnicities, and cultures. It has no boundaries in terms of reach and complexity. "There are more than 1,000,000 NYC Latinos living with Diabetes and about 1/3 of those don’t even know it," says Eliscer Guzmán M.D. F.A.C.C. affiliated physician of Mount Sinai.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. People with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes) or cannot use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). Type 2 Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be controlled by taking medication. Lifestyle principles, such as a good diet and movement can also help to control diabetes.
"Latinos are at high risk primarily because of their high fat diet, sedentary lifestyles, and there is a genetic predisposition. A few modifications like more movement – walking, dancing, taking the stairs, doing house work, and eating vegetables and certain fruit in moderation and less white rice, would be a good first step," added Dr. Guzmán.
Myth # 2. "Home remedies like Aloe Vera and infusions with nettle or linseed can cure Diabetes"
Folklore and spiritualism play a major role in the lives of Hispanics and affect their attitudes and behaviors towards healthcare. These practices are firmly rooted in their culture and must be taken into consideration when treating Latinos. Although they hold physicians in high regard, their first line of cure is always a home remedy.
"There are no miraculous cures or home remedies for Diabetes," says Samer Kottiech M.D., a specialist in cardiology at The Mount Sinai Hospital. "The first thing to do is to consult a physician to create your own plan to manage or prevent Diabetes."
"At Mount Sinai, we approach each patient with cultural sensitivity and a holistic, integrated approach. With the Hispanic population particularly, it’s important to acknowledge that there are some natural ingredients that can be integrated into overall treatment but, we also make it clear that there are none that cure the disease and it is critical to follow your physician’s treatment plan." Dr. Kottiech adds.
Myth #3. "Diabetes is contagious"
Word of mouth is a powerful force in the Hispanic community. Unfortunately, rumors and misinformation can spread quickly and be perceived as truth. For instance, Diabetes is not contagious like a cold or the flu.
"While not contagious, it may be hereditary and Mount Sinai is using all of its muscle as a leading research, primary care, and tertiary care hospital to reverse the trends of this condition throughout the Hispanic and other high risk NYC communities, says Tracy Breen MD and Assistant Professor Medicine, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease at Mount Sinai. "Our genetic researchers are studying the characteristics of why Diabetes is so far reaching throughout the Hispanic community and why certain diabetes complications such as heart attacks, strokes, blindness, etc. may afflict this population more so than others," adds Dr. Breen.
Myth #4. "Preventing Diabetes means eating tasteless food"
The kitchen is the heart and soul of every Latino home. Traditions, values, family histories and daily experiences are shared over meals. Unfortunately, many of the dishes being cooked in Latino homes are high in fat and contain a significant amount of starch.
"A healthy meal plan means a diet that is low in fat, moderate in salt and sugar, and based on whole grains, vegetables and fruit," says Sandra Garcia, RPAC, Certified Diabetes Educator for Mount Sinai. "A critical part of our five week self-management course is about food planning and preparation. The importance of portion size and foods to stay away from are especially important topics," Garcia concludes.
Myth #5. "Preventing Diabetes means losing weight and being skinny is unhealthy!"
The Hispanic culture has always applauded and embraced body types that are fuller. In children particularly, a bigger frame is seen as a sign of health. And, exercise is not generally part of the lifestyle of Hispanics, who tend live a more sedentary life.
"For individuals with Diabetes, maintaining a healthy weight is critical to life expectancy; and, we know it’s hard sometimes to get started. So, we remind them that exercise doesn’t necessarily mean two hours at the gym each day," says Samer Kottiech MD and Cardiologist at Mount Sinai.
"The goal is not to be ‘skinny,’ but rather to maintain a healthy weight which can help you prevent problems like type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol and high blood glucose," concludes," Dr. Kottiech.
Signs of Diabetes may include: frequent urination, unusual thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss and extreme fatigue, irritability, frequent infections, blurred vision, cuts/bruises that are slow to heal, as well as tingling/numbness in the hands/feet.
If you want to learn more about diabetes call The Mount Sinai Diabetes Center:
For general information: (212) 241-7429
For a medical consultation: (212) 241-7975
For diabetes classes: (212) 241-3422
About The Mount Sinai Medical Center
The Mount Sinai Medical Center encompasses both The Mount Sinai Hospital and Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Established in 1968, Mount Sinai School of Medicine is one of the leading medical schools in the United States. The Medical School is noted for innovation in education, biomedical research, clinical care delivery, and local and global community service. It has more than 3,400 faculty in 32 departments and 14 research institutes, and ranks among the top 20 medical schools both in National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding and by U.S. News & World Report.
The Mount Sinai Hospital, founded in 1852, is a 1,171-bed tertiary- and quaternary-care teaching facility and one of the nation's oldest, largest and most-respected voluntary hospitals. In 2011, U.S. News & World Report ranked The Mount Sinai Hospital 16th on its elite Honor Roll of the nation's top hospitals based on reputation, safety, and other patient-care factors. Of the top 20 hospitals in the United States, Mount Sinai is one of 12 integrated academic medical centers whose medical school ranks among the top 20 in NIH funding and US News & World Report and whose hospital is on the US News & World Report Honor Roll. Nearly 60,000 people were treated at Mount Sinai as inpatients last year, and approximately 560,000 outpatient visits took place.
For more information, visit http://www.mountsinai.org.
About the Mount Sinai Health System
The Mount Sinai Health System is New York City's largest integrated delivery system encompassing seven hospital campuses, a leading medical school, and a vast network of ambulatory practices throughout the greater New York region. Mount Sinai's vision is to produce the safest care, the highest quality, the highest satisfaction, the best access and the best value of any health system in the nation.
The System includes approximately 7,100 primary and specialty care physicians; 10 joint-venture ambulatory surgery centers; more than 140 ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, Long Island, and Florida; and 31 affiliated community health centers. The Icahn School of Medicine is one of 3 medical schools that have earned distinction by multiple indicators: ranked in the top 20 by U.S. News & World Report's "Best Medical Schools", aligned with a U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" Hospital, No. 13 in the nation for National Institutes of Health funding, and among the top 10 most innovative research institutions as ranked by the journal Nature in its Nature Innovation Index. This reflects a special level of excellence in education, clinical practice, and research. The Mount Sinai Hospital is ranked No. 18 on U.S. News & World Report's "Honor Roll" of top U.S. hospitals; it is one of the nation's top 20 hospitals in Cardiology/Heart Surgery, Diabetes/Endocrinology, Gastroenterology/GI Surgery, Geriatrics, Nephrology, and Neurology/Neurosurgery, and in the top 50 in four other specialties in the 2017-2018 "Best Hospitals" issue. Mount Sinai's Kravis Children's Hospital also is ranked in six out of ten pediatric specialties by U.S. News & World Report. The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is ranked 12th nationally for Ophthalmology and 50th for Ear, Nose, and Throat, while Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai West are ranked regionally.