Menkes syndrome

Steely hair disease; Menkes kinky hair syndrome; Kinky hair disease

In Menkes syndrome, cells in the body can absorb copper, but they are unable to release it. It is one of several conditions called an "inborn error of metabolism."


Hypotonia is often a sign of abnormality in the case of a newborn or older infant, and may suggest the presence of central nervous system dysfunction, genetic disorders, or muscle disorders. Hypotonic infants rest with their elbows and knees loosely extended, while infants with normal tone tend to have flexed elbows and knees. Head control may be poor or absent in the floppy infant with the head falling to the side, backward or forward.



Exams and Tests


Outlook (Prognosis)

Possible Complications

When to Contact a Medical Professional