Hiatal hernia

Hernia - hiatal

Hiatal hernia is a condition in which part of the stomach extends through an opening of the diaphragm into the chest. The diaphragm is the sheet of muscle that divides the chest from the abdomen.

Hiatal hernia - X-ray

This X-ray shows the upper portion of the stomach protruding through the diaphragm (hiatal hernia).

Hiatal hernia

A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes up into the chest through the sheet of muscle called the diaphragm. This may result from a weakening of the surrounding tissues and may be aggravated by obesity and/or smoking.

Hiatal hernia repair  - series

The esophagus runs through the diaphram to the stomach.

Causes

Symptoms

Exams and Tests

Treatment

Outlook (Prognosis)

Possible Complications

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Prevention