What Are Substance Use and Addiction Disorders?

Addiction “Substance Use Disorder” is a chronic, relapsing condition that is characterized by a compulsion to use a substance, loss of control in limiting intake, and the emergence of a negative emotional state (withdrawal) when access to the drug is denied. There are neurobiological mechanisms that adapt alongside the progression of addiction that explain these phenomena. Addiction has roots in both impulsivity and compulsivity, whereby the drive for substance use shifts from positive to negative reinforcement. Over time, the compulsion to use drugs and alcohol overwhelms the person to the point at which it becomes difficult to break the cycle of addiction. However, addiction is a biological illness for which appropriate treatment exists, which can prevent relapse and improve the chances of a successful recovery.

Types of Substance Use and Addiction Disorders

  • Alcohol-Related Disorders
  • Caffeine-Related Disorders
  • Cannabis-Related Disorders
  • Hallucinogen-Related Disorders
  • Inhalant-Related Disorders
  • Opioid-Related Disorders
  • Sedative- or Hypnotic-Related Disorders
  • Stimulant-Related Disorders
  • Tobacco-Related Disorders
  • Gambling Disorder

Comorbid Psychiatric and Addiction Disorders

People with comorbid psychiatric and addictive disorders may die decades earlier than the average person due to poor adherence and follow-up of chronic illnesses such as hypertension, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, diabetes, obesity, chronic pain, and cardiovascular disease that are aggravated by untreated mental illness and addiction. Integrating mental health, substance abuse, and HIV/AIDS care services produces the best outcomes and proves to be the most effective approach to treating people with multiple health care needs. These services are provided by Mount Sinai to ensure that patients are receiving the most comprehensive care available.

Contact Us

Mount Sinai Comprehensive Health Program—Downtown Chelsea
Tel. 212-604-1701
275 Seventh Avenue, 12th Floor
New York, NY 10001  Map

Jack Martin Fund HIV Clinic
Tel. 212-241-7968
17 East 102nd St., Room D3-248
New York, NY 10029  Map

Chemical Dependency (MICA) Inpatient Dual Diagnosis Unit
Tel. 212-241-5477
1450 Madison Avenue (Klingenstein Clinical Center), 7 North
New York, NY 10029  Map