An Oral GnRH Antagonist to Treat Mild Autonomous Cortisol Excess (MACE) Due to Adrenal Adenomas in Postmenopausal Women
Age: Birth - 66+
Healthy Subjects: No
Study Phase: Phase 4
Recruitment Status: Recruiting
Start Date: July 06, 2021
End Date: December 01, 2022
The purpose of this research study is to determine if treatment with Elagolix will improve body weight, waist circumference, muscle strength, cortisol secretion, blood glucose, cholesterol, and bone quality as well as mood and quality of life in a female patient with mild hypercortisolism from adrenal overproduction of cortisol. Many people with adrenal nodules, or non-cancerous growths in the adrenal glands, have mildly elevated cortisol levels. Cortisol is a hormone normally made by the adrenal glands. It is increasingly being recognized that even mild elevations in cortisol levels can negatively impact blood glucose levels, serum cholesterol levels, weight and other metabolic parameters. This can lead to an increase in risk for cardiovascular disease. The study team is trying to determine if the medication Elagolix might be an effective treatment for post-menopausal females with mild hypercortisolism. Elagolix is a medication used to treat a medical condition called endometriosis by decreasing the body's production of sex hormones. Growth of adrenal adenomas is thought to be driven by such sex hormones. Therefore, by decreasing production of these hormones, the study team hopes to treat hypercortisolism caused by adrenal adenomas.
- Post-menopausal women that have incidentally found adrenal adenomas with benign appearing characteristics on imaging (<4 cm, non-contrast CT <10 HU and/or lipid rich and benign appearing on MRI)
- Absence of anti-anabolic clinical features of overt Cushing's signs (proximal muscle weakness, >three ecchymoses, hyperpigmented striae) and 2 of 3 of the following:
- Elevated 24 hr urine free cortisol (UFC) above the upper limit of normal (>50 mcg/24 hours) in at least two complete 24-hour tests and/or
- Late night salivary cortisol more than upper limit of normal in at least two tests and/or
- an abnormal dexamethasone suppression defined as post 1mg dexamethasone suppression test serum cortisol concentration of >1.8 mcg/ml
- Clinic status of cessation of menses for 12 mo in a previously cycling woman and reflecting complete or nearly complete permanent cessation of ovarian function and fertility (26).
- Patients with osteoporosis that are not receiving treatment with either antiresorptive medications (bisphosphonates, denosumab) or anabolic agents (teriparitide, abaloparatide or romosozumab)