Sports Medicine Surgical Treatments
If surgery is required, our specialists are skilled in performing advanced arthroscopic procedures. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique performed by inserting a tiny camera and surgical instruments through small incisions to the injured area. Our Sports Medicine Service offers a range of surgical options, including the following:
- Rotator cuff surgery: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons connecting the arm to the shoulder. These tissues can become damaged by injury, repetitive movements, or age, resulting in painful conditions such as impingement (the squeezing of soft tissue against bone), calcium deposits (the formation of calcium in areas such as the tendons) and tears (the partial or complete separation of tendon or muscle). Arthroscopic surgeries include procedures to remove damaged tissue, remove calcium deposits, and to repair a torn rotator cuff by reattaching the tissue.
- Labral repairs (including SLAP tears): The labrum is a ring of cartilage surrounding the shoulder joint socket. A superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) injury involves damage to the top part of the labrum. Depending on the nature of the injury, arthroscopic surgery can be performed to remove or reattach the torn part of the labrum.
- Shoulder stabilization after dislocation: The labrum, or bumper in the shoulder, is damaged with a shoulder dislocation. During surgery, the labrum is reattached to the proper position to make the shoulder stable again.
- Hip arthroscopy: For the treatment of conditions such as hip labral tears (a tear in the soft tissue that rims the joint socket) or femoroacetabular impingement (abnormally shaped hip bones which rub together and damage the joint), a hip arthroscopy can be performed. This procedure can be done to smooth or repair torn cartilage or to trim excess bone.
- Meniscal repairs: The meniscus is a C-shaped cushion of cartilage in the knee that can tear as a result of injury, aging, or other causes. Knee arthroscopy could be performed either to remove the damaged portion of the meniscus (which prevents rough edges from irritating the joint) or to repair the meniscus’ torn edges with sutures (which involves more time for the tissue to heal and longer recovery).
- Anatomic ACL reconstruction: An injured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can be surgically repaired by replacing the damaged tissue with healthy tissue grafted from a location near the knee.
- Osteotomy of the knee: This procedure involves removing or adding a small section of bone to either the upper shinbone or lower thigh bone in order to help decrease pressure on the damaged section of the knee joint. It is typically performed on patients thought to be too young for a total joint replacement.
- Treatment of patellofemoral (knee cap) disorders: Treatment options vary from soft tissue to bony procedures to restore stability to the knee.
- Repair and/or reconstruction of quadriceps and patellar tendon: The quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon work with the thigh muscles to straighten the leg; these tissues are commonly torn through sports that involve running and jumping. A partial or complete tear often requires surgery to reattach the torn tendon to the kneecap.