Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment and Prevention
Medical attention should be sought as soon as possible which includes stabilizing an individual with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and preventing further injury. Primary concerns include insuring proper oxygen supply to the brain and the rest of the body, maintaining adequate blood flow, and controlling blood pressure. Mount Sinai neurosurgeons are trained and equipped to treat a wide range of traumatic brain injury.
Some of the treatments for TBI include:
- Medication to help reduce brain swelling or to control seizures
- Surgery to remove or repair blood clots or bruised brain tissue or to relieve pressure inside the brain
- Rehabilitation: individually tailored treatment programs in the areas of physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech/language therapy, physiatry (physical medicine), psychology/psychiatry, and social support
- Wear a seat belt
- Wear a helmet for appropriate sporting activities including skiing, cycling, football, ice-hockey, horseback riding, batting in baseball.
- Avoid falls by removing tripping hazards in the home, using mats under area rugs to make the rugs non-slip and using non slip mats in bathtubs and showers
- Use safety gates at tops and bottoms of stairs to protect young children
- Store unloaded firearms in a locked cabinet with bullets locked elsewhere
- Always drive sober
- The risk of traumatic brain injury is highest in young men ages 15 to 24
- The head injury is often missed at the time of the initial injury
- Fifteen percent of people with mild TBI have symptoms that last one year or more. Moderate to severe TBIs can result in permanent neurobiological damage that can produce lifelong deficits to varying degrees
- Disabilities depend upon the severity of the injury, the location of the injury, and the age and general health of the individual. They can include problems with the senses, cognition, communication, and behavior. Severe head injuries may result in coma or a persistent vegetative state