Detection and Diagnosis
Meningiomas are typically slow growing tumors that arise from the meninges which cover and protect the brain and spine. Commonly, patients do not notice symptoms initially. In the early stages, the tumors are easily misdiagnosed.
Two of the most important factors in treating a meningioma are its size and its location. Even a small tumor the size of a grape pressing on the optic nerve can cause vision loss, while a tumor located on the surface of the brain may reach the size of a grapefruit before any symptoms are present. The size and location of the meningioma will determine an appropriate treatment plan.
Signs and symptoms of a brain meningioma include:
- Persistent headaches
- Loss of neurological function
- Weakness and/or abnormal sensations, such as numbness and tingling, especially on one side of the body
- Hearing or vision loss
- Balance problems
- Muscle weakness
Signs and symptoms of a spinal meningioma include:
- Weakness in the hands or feet
There is no known way to prevent meningiomas. Recognizing their symptoms early is an important factor in treating meningioma patients. Early detection allows for more treatment options before the tumor gets too large.
In order for our team to correctly diagnose a meningioma, we first conduct a neurological exam to see if any of these symptoms are present. The neurologist or neurosurgeon may request one or more of these non-invasive brain scans to better diagnose the tumor and to see detailed images:
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan. A MRI scan uses magnetic waves to allow doctors to see two-dimensional and three-dimensional pictures of the brain and spine. The machine uses a magnet, radio waves, a computer and occasionally a contrast dye injected into the patient to create the detailed pictures.
- CT Scan. A CT scan is a type of x-ray which doctors use to see two –dimensional pictures of the brain and spine. Contrast dye is sometimes used to help set apart tumors.
With that information, our team will determine the best possible treatment option for each patient.
We can help
For management of your meningioma or that of a loved one, please call The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City at 212-241-2377 to schedule an appointment. We have extensive experience in diagnosing, evaluating and treating meningiomas and provide a warm and compassionate environment for treatment and healing.
1468 Madison Avenue
8th Floor Room 40
New York, NY 10029
Our experienced neurosurgeons provide a variety of treatments for meningiomas, from tumor observation to minimally invasive surgical removal. Learn More
Meningiomas can vary in size and location, and each type produces a unique set of symptoms. Learn more about the types of meningiomas.