(Urinary Diversion Surgery)
A ostomy creates an opening in the abdominal wall. A urostomy reroutes urine so that urine can pass through this new opening to a bag outside the body. Sometimes an internal pouch is created using the intestine.
You should be able to return to normal activities after your urostomy.
The Female Urinary System
Reasons for Procedure
A urostomy may be needed if urine is not able to pass through the urinary system. Most of the time, a urostomy is needed because of problems with the bladder such as:.
- Bladder cancer
- Birth defects
- Chronic inflammation
- Nerve-muscle control problems
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a urostomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Skin irritations
- Fluid build-up in the abdomen
- Urine flow blockage
- Damage to other organs
- Blood clots
Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor will go over your family and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Part of the exam may include tests, like:
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
- MRI or CT scan
You may also need to:
- Discuss any allergies or allergies to medications that you have.
- Tell your doctor about any medications, herbs, or supplements you take.
- Know what paperwork you will need to bring with you.
- Arrange for a ride from the hospital and help at home.
- Do not eat or drink the night before your surgery.
You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure, like:
- Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen
- Blood thinners
- Anti-platelet medications
You will have general anesthesia. It will block pain and keep you asleep.
Description of the Procedure
An incision is made in the abdomen. A piece of intestine will be removed. The tubes that pass urine to the bladder will be detached from the bladder. The tubes are then reattached to the intestine that was removed. The other end of the intestine is then brought through the abdominal wall to form a stoma. One end is closed together to make a pouch that holds urine inside the body. The bladder may or may not be removed.
The abdomen will be closed. Stitches or staples will be used to close the skin.
Immediately After Procedure
Your breathing tube will be removed. You will be taken to the recovery room.
How Much Will It Hurt?
Anesthesia will prevent pain during the surgery. As you recover, you will have some pain. Your doctor will give you pain medication to help you manage the discomfort.
Average Hospital Stay
You will be in the hospital for for a few weeks. Your doctor may keep you in the hospital longer if you have any complications.
At the Hospital
At the hospital, you will:
- Walk as soon as you are able to help prevent blood clots.
- Receive nutrition through an IV until your gastrointestinal tract is functioning again
- Learn how to change the urine pouch and dispose of urine.
- Learn how to take care of the stoma
When you return home, take these steps:
- Care for your stoma as directed.
- Change your pouch on a regular schedule.
- Avoid strenuous activity.
- Avoid heavy lifting, straining, and sexual activity until you have fully recovered.
- Do not drive until your doctor says that it is safe to do so.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
- When it is okay to get the stoma wet, do not use bath oils or salts in the water.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
Call Your Doctor
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
- Fever or chills
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
- Unusual discharge such as pus, extreme cloudiness, or strong odor
- Redness, swelling, or excessive bleeding from the stoma site
- Unusual changes in stoma size or color
- Change in urine frequency or amount
- Back or abdominal pain
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
If you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
American Cancer Society
United Ostomy Associations of America
Canadian Cancer Society
Canadian Urological Association
Bladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated May 14, 2013. Accessed July 29, 2013.
Urostomy a guide. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002931-pdf.pdf. Updated March 17, 2011. Accessed July 29, 2013.
Urostomy guide. United Ostomy Associations of America website. Available at: http://www.ostomy.org/ostomy_info/pubs/UrostomyGuide.pdf. Updated 2011. Accessed July 29, 2013.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.