March Stress Fracture
(Stress Fracture, March; Stress Fracture of Metatarsal Bone; Fatigue Fracture)
A march stress fracture is a small break in a metatarsal bone of the foot that occurs without a major traumatic episode. There are five metatarsal bones in each foot. They are located in the area between your toes and your ankle. They were called march fractures because they were first seen in military recruits from too much marching and still do occur in that group.
March Stress Fracture
This condition can be treated. Contact your doctor if you think you may have a march stress fracture.
A march stress fracture is an overuse injury caused by repetitive stress to the foot.
These factors increase your chance of a march stress fracture. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:
If you have any of these symptoms do not assume it is due to a march stress fracture. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Tell your doctor if you have any of these:
- Pain in the middle of the foot
- Swelling of the foot
- Foot feels better when resting
- Foot feels worse with activity
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist. An orthopedist focuses on bones. A sports medicine physician works on sport related injuries.
To search for a break in the bone the following tests may be done:
Stress fractures are treated with rest and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). You will need to rest your foot for 3-6 weeks. Your doctor may recommend crutches for a week or two so that you don’t put any weight on your foot. Sometimes a brace or cast is used for a short time to aid healing.
Once you are able to move without pain, your doctor will allow you to return to normal activities. Gradually increase your activity over several weeks.
To help reduce your chance of a stress fracture, take the following steps:
- Wear shock-absorbing insoles when running or during other high-impact exercise.
- When starting a new sport or increasing your workout, do so gradually.
- Choose footwear that takes into account the specific sport and your type of foot.
American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine
OrthoInfo.org—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Canadian Orthopaedic Association
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation
Fractures, an overview. American Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00139&return_link=0. Accessed November 17, 2008.
March fracture. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Accessed November 17, 2008.
Metatarsal stress fracture. Merck Manuel website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec21/ch324/ch324m.html. Accessed November 17, 2008.
Metatarsal stress fractures. Sports injury website. Available at: http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/cybertherapist/front/foot/metatarsal.htm. Accessed November 17, 2008.
What is a stress fracture and how should it be treated? American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine website. Available at: http://www.aapsm.org/ct0398.html. Accessed November 17, 2008.
4/24/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Wise JN, Weissman BN, et al. American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria for chronic foot pain. Available at: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/ChronicFootPain.pdf. Updated 2013. Accessed April 24, 2014.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.