Biopsy - endometrium
Endometrial biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) for examination.
This procedure may be done with or without anesthesia. This is a medicine that allows you to sleep during the procedure.
Before the test:
The instruments may feel cold. You may feel some pain when the cervix is grasped. You may have some cramping as the instruments enter the uterus and the sample is collected.
The biopsy is normal if the cells in the sample are not abnormal.
Abnormal menstrual periods may be caused by:
Other conditions under which the test may be performed:
Risks of endometrial biopsy include:
Choby BA. Endometrial biopsy. In: Pfenninger JL, Fowler GC, eds. Pfenninger & Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 143.
Lentz GM. Endoscopy: hysteroscopy and laparoscopy: indications, contraindications and complications. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 10.
Last reviewed on: 9/26/2015
Reviewed by: Daniel N. Sacks MD, FACOG, obstetrics & gynecology in private practice, West Palm Beach, FL. Review Provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.