Oncology (Cancer)

Oncology is the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Typically, cancer treatment encompasses some combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation treatment, and hormone therapy.

Learn more about oncology at the Mount Sinai Health System

We've found 169
total results for Oncology (Cancer).
results for Oncology (Cancer) that begins with
ALL # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A

Special Topics
A guide to clinical trials for cancer
Intervention study

Discharge Instructions
Abdominal radiation - discharge
Radiation - abdomen - discharge; Cancer - abdominal radiation; Lymphoma - abdominal radiation

In-depth Report
Acute lymphocytic leukemia
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of leukemia.

Diseases & Conditions
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) - children
Acute myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bones that helps form blood cells. Acute means the cancer develops quickly. Both adults and children...

Diseases & Conditions
Adult soft tissue sarcoma
Soft tissue sarcoma is cancer that forms in the soft tissue of the body. Soft tissue connects, supports, or surrounds other body parts. In adults, soft tissue sarcoma is rare. There are many different types...

Discharge Instructions
After chemotherapy - discharge
Chemotherapy - discharge; Chemotherapy - home care discharge; Chemotherapy - discharge mouth care; Chemotherapy - preventing infections discharge

Diseases & Conditions
Anal cancer
Anal cancer is cancer that starts in the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of your rectum. The rectum is the last part of your large intestine where solid waste from food (stool) is stored. Stool...

Diseases & Conditions
Anaplastic thyroid cancer
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is a rare and aggressive form of cancer of the thyroid gland.

B

Special Topics
Benign
"Benign" refers to a condition, tumor, or growth that is not cancerous. This means that it does not spread to other parts of the body. It does not invade nearby tissue. Sometimes, a condition is called...

Diseases & Conditions
Bladder cancer
Bladder cancer is a cancer that starts in the bladder. The bladder is the body part that holds and releases urine. It is in the center of the lower abdomen.

Self-Care Instructions
Bleeding during cancer treatment
Cancer treatment - bleeding; Chemotherapy - bleeding; Radiation - bleeding; Bone marrow transplant - bleeding; Thrombocytopenia - cancer treatment

Discharge Instructions
Bone marrow transplant - discharge
Transplant - bone marrow - discharge; Stem cell transplant - discharge; Hematopoietic stem cell transplant - discharge; Reduced intensity; Non-myeloablative transplant - discharge; Mini transplant - discharge...

Diseases & Conditions
Bone tumor
A bone tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within a bone. A bone tumor may be cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). tumor benign

Tests
Brain PET scan
A brain positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test of the brain. It uses a radioactive substance called a tracer to look for disease or injury in the brain. A PET scan shows how the brain...

Discharge Instructions
Brain radiation - discharge
Radiation - brain - discharge; Cancer-brain radiation; Lymphoma - brain radiation; Leukemia - brain radiation

Diseases & Conditions
Brain tumor - children
A brain tumor is a group (mass) of abnormal cells that start in the brain. This article focuses on primary brain tumors in children.

Diseases & Conditions
Brain tumor - primary - adults
A primary brain tumor is a group (mass) of abnormal cells that start in the brain.

In-depth Report
Brain tumors - primary
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of brain tumors.

Tests
Breast MRI scan
A breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan is an imaging test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create pictures of the breast and surrounding tissue. It does not use radiation (x-rays)....

Tests
Breast PET scan
A breast positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test that uses a radioactive substance (called a tracer) to look for breast cancer. This tracer can help identify areas of cancer that an MRI...

Diseases & Conditions
Breast cancer
Breast cancer is cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are 2 main types of breast cancer: Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that carry milk from the breast to the nipple. Most...

In-depth Report
Breast cancer
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of breast cancer.

Diseases & Conditions
Breast cancer in men
Breast cancer is cancer that starts in breast tissue. Both males and females have breast tissue. This means that anyone, including men and boys, can develop breast cancer. Breast cancer in men is rare....

Special Topics
Breast cancer staging

Discharge Instructions
Breast radiation - discharge
When you have radiation treatment for cancer, your body goes through some changes. 2 weeks after your first treatment: It may be hard to swallow, or swallowing may hurt.Your throat may feel dry or scratchy...

Special Topics
Breast self-exam
A breast self-exam is a check-up a woman does at home to look for changes or problems in the breast tissue. Many women feel that doing this is important to their health. However, experts do not agree about...

C

Diseases & Conditions
Cancer
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.

Diseases & Conditions
Cancer - penis
Cancer of the penis is cancer that starts in the penis, an organ that makes up part of the male reproductive system. cancer penis

Special Topics
Cancer - resources

Special Topics
Cancer and lymph nodes
Lymph gland

Special Topics
Cancer prevention: take charge of your lifestyle
Lifestyle modification

Special Topics
Cancer treatment - early menopause
Premature menopause; Primary ovarian insufficiency; POI

Discharge Instructions
Cancer treatment: dealing with pain

Special Topics
Cancer treatments

Special Topics
Cell phones and cancer
Several major studies show no link between cell phones and cancer at this time. However, since the information available is based on short-term studies, the impact of many years of exposure is not definitively...

Diseases & Conditions
Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.

In-depth Report
Cervical cancer
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cervical cancer.

Special Topics
Chemotherapy
The term chemotherapy is used to describe cancer-killing drugs. Chemotherapy may be used to: Cure the cancerShrink the cancerPrevent the cancer from spreadingRelieve symptoms the cancer may be causing Cure...

Questions To Ask Your Doctor
Chemotherapy - what to ask your doctor
What to ask your doctor about chemotherapy

Discharge Instructions
Chest radiation - discharge
Radiation - chest - discharge; Cancer - chest radiation; Lymphoma - chest radiation

Special Topics
Children's cancer centers
Pediatric cancer center; Pediatric oncology center; Comprehensive cancer center

In-depth Report
Colon and rectal cancers
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of colorectal cancer.

Diseases & Conditions
Colon cancer
Colon, or colorectal cancer, is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon). Other types of cancer can affect the colon. These include lymphoma, carcinoid tumors,...

Special Topics
Colon cancer - resources

Special Topics
Colon cancer screening
Colon cancer screening can detect polyps and early cancers in the large intestine. This type of screening can find problems that can be treated before cancer develops or spreads. Regular screenings may...

Special Topics
Coping with cancer - hair loss
Alopecia

Special Topics
Coping with cancer - managing fatigue
Cancer-related fatigue; CRF

Diseases & Conditions
Craniopharyngioma
A craniopharyngioma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor that develops at the base of the brain near the pituitary gland. tumor

Special Topics
Cryotherapy for prostate cancer
Cryosurgery-prostate cancer; Cryoablation-prostate cancer

D

Special Topics
Deciding about hormone therapy
HRT - deciding; Estrogen replacement therapy - deciding; ERT- deciding; Hormone replacement therapy - deciding; Menopause - deciding; HT - deciding; Menopausal hormone therapy - deciding; MHT - deciding

Special Topics
Deciding about treatments that prolong life
Palliative care - treatments that prolong life; Palliative care - life support; End-of-life-treatments that prolong life; Ventilator - treatments that prolong life; Respirator - treatments that prolong...

Discharge Instructions
Deep vein thrombosis - discharge
DVT - discharge; Blood clot in the legs - discharge; Thromboembolism - discharge; Venous thromboembolism - deep vein thrombosis; Post-phlebitic syndrome - discharge; Post-thrombotic syndrome - discharge

Special Topics
Do-not-resuscitate order
No code; End-of-life; Do not resuscitate; Do not resuscitate order; DNR; DNR order; Advance care directive - DNR; Health care agent - DNR; Health care proxy - DNR; End-of-life - DNR; Living will - DNR

Self-Care Instructions
Drinking water safely during cancer treatment
Chemotherapy - drinking water safely; Immunosuppression - drinking water safely; Low white blood cell count - drinking water safely; Neutropenia - drinking water safely

Self-Care Instructions
Dysarthria - care
Speech and language disorder - dysarthria care; Slurred speech - dysarthria; Articulation disorder - dysarthria

E

Self-Care Instructions
Eating extra calories when sick - adults
Getting more calories - adults; Chemotherapy - calories; Transplant - calories; Cancer treatment - calories

Self-Care Instructions
Eating extra calories when sick - children
Getting more calories - children; Chemotherapy - calories; Transplant - calories; Cancer treatment - calories

Diseases & Conditions
Endometrial cancer
Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus (womb).

Diseases & Conditions
Esophageal cancer
Esophageal cancer is cancer that starts in the esophagus. This is the tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach.

Diseases & Conditions
Ewing sarcoma
Ewing sarcoma is a malignant bone tumor that forms in the bone or soft tissue. It affects mostly teens and young adults. bone tumor

F

Special Topics
Fecal immunochemical test (FIT)
Immunochemical fecal occult blood test; iFOBT; Colon cancer screening - FIT

G

Special Topics
Genetic testing and your cancer risk
Genetic mutations; Inherited mutations; Genetic testing-cancer

Special Topics
Gleason grading system
Prostate cancer-Gleason; Adenocarcinoma prostate-Gleason; Gleason score

Diseases & Conditions
Glucagonoma
Glucagonoma is a very rare tumor of the islet cells of the pancreas, which leads to an excess of the hormone glucagon in the blood. tumor

H

In-depth Report
Hodgkin disease
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of Hodgkin's disease.

Diseases & Conditions
Hodgkin lymphoma
Hodgkin lymphoma is a cancer of lymph tissue. Lymph tissue is found in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver, bone marrow, and other sites.

Special Topics
Hormone therapy for breast cancer
Hormonal therapy - breast cancer; Hormone treatment - breast cancer; Endocrine therapy; Hormone-sensitive cancers-therapy; ER positive-therapy; Aromatase inhibitors-breast cancer

Special Topics
Hormone therapy for prostate cancer
Androgen deprivation therapy; ADT; Androgen suppression therapy; Combined androgen blockade

Special Topics
Hospice care
Hospice care helps people with illnesses that cannot be cured and who are nearing death. The goal is to give comfort and peace instead of a cure. Hospice care provides: Support for the patient and the familyRelief...

Special Topics
How to research cancer

Discharge Instructions
Hypercalcemia - discharge
Hypercalcemia; Transplant - hypercalcemia; Transplantation - hypercalcemia; Cancer treatment - hypercalcemia

Diseases & Conditions
Hypothalamic tumor
A hypothalamic tumor is an abnormal growth in the hypothalamus gland, which is located in the brain. tumor hypothalamus

I

Special Topics
Immunotherapy for cancer
Biological therapy; Biotherapy

L

Special Topics
Laser therapy for cancer

Diseases & Conditions
Leiomyosarcoma
A leiomyosarcoma is a rare cancerous tumor of the smooth muscle cells. It is most often found in the uterus or abdomen. tumor uterus

Diseases & Conditions
Liver metastases
Liver metastases refer to cancer that has spread to the liver from somewhere else in the body. Liver metastases are not the same as cancer that starts in the liver, which is called hepatocellular carcinoma...

Special Topics
Low white blood cell count and cancer
Neutropenia and cancer; Absolute neutrophil count and cancer; ANC and cancer

Tests
Lung PET scan
A lung positron emission tomography (PET) scan is an imaging test. It uses a radioactive substance (called a tracer) to look for disease in the lungs such as lung cancer. PET lung cancer Unlike magnetic...

Diseases & Conditions
Lung cancer
Lung cancer is cancer that starts in the lungs. The lungs are located in the chest. When you breathe, air goes through your nose, down your windpipe (trachea), and into the lungs, where it flows through...

Diseases & Conditions
Lung cancer - non-small cell
Non-small cell lung cancer is the most common type of lung cancer. It usually grows and spreads more slowly than small cell lung cancer. lung cancer small cell lung cancer There are 3 common types of non...

Diseases & Conditions
Lung cancer - small cell
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a fast-growing type of lung cancer. It spreads much more quickly than non-small cell lung cancer. lung cancer non-small cell lung cancer There are two types of SCLC: Small...

Diseases & Conditions
Lung metastases
Lung metastases are cancerous tumors that start somewhere else in the body and spread to the lungs.

Self-Care Instructions
Lymphedema - self-care
Breast cancer - self-care for lymphedema; Mastectomy - self-care for lymphedema

M

Special Topics
Malignancy
The term "malignancy" refers to cancerous cells that have the ability to spread to other sites in the body (metastasize) or to invade nearby (locally) and destroy tissues. Malignant cells tend to have fast...

Diseases & Conditions
Mediastinal tumor
Mediastinal tumors are growths that form in the mediastinum. This is an area in the middle of the chest that separates the lungs.

In-depth Report
Melanoma and other skin cancers
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers.

Diseases & Conditions
Metastatic brain tumor
A metastatic brain tumor is cancer that started in another part of the body and has spread to the brain.

Discharge Instructions
Mouth and neck radiation - discharge
Radiation - mouth and neck - discharge; Head and neck cancer - radiation; Squamous cell cancer - mouth and neck radiation; Mouth and neck radiation - dry mouth

N

Special Topics
Nausea and acupressure

In-depth Report
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

In-depth Report
Non-small cell lung cancer
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

O

Diseases & Conditions
Oral cancer
Oral cancer is cancer that starts in the mouth.

Self-Care Instructions
Oral mucositis - self-care
Cancer treatment - mucositis; Cancer treatment - mouth pain; Cancer treatment - mouth sores; Chemotherapy - mucositis; Chemotherapy - mouth pain; Chemotherapy - mouth sores; Radiation therapy - mucositis...

Diseases & Conditions
Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer is cancer that starts in the ovaries. The ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce eggs.

In-depth Report
Ovarian cancer
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of ovarian cancer.

P

Special Topics
Palliative care - fear and anxiety
End of life care - fear and anxiety; Hospice care - fear and anxiety

Self-Care Instructions
Palliative care - fluid, food, and digestion
Constipation - palliative care; End of life - digestion; Hospice - digestion

Self-Care Instructions
Palliative care - managing pain
End of life - pain management; Hospice - pain management

Special Topics
Palliative care - shortness of breath
Dyspnea - end-of-life; Hospice care - shortness of breath

Special Topics
Palliative care - what the final days are like
End of life - final days; Hospice - final days

Diseases & Conditions
Pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer is cancer that starts in the pancreas.

Discharge Instructions
Pelvic radiation - discharge
Radiation of the pelvis - discharge; Cancer treatment - pelvic radiation; Prostate cancer - pelvic radiation; Ovarian cancer - pelvic radiation; Cervical cancer - pelvic radiation; Uterine cancer - pelvic...

Special Topics
Photodynamic therapy for cancer
Phototherapy; Photochemotherapy; Photoradiation therapy; Cancer of the esophagus-photodynamic; Esophageal cancer-photodynamic; Lung cancer-photodynamic

Diseases & Conditions
Posterior fossa tumor
Posterior fossa tumor is a type of brain tumor located in or near the bottom of the skull.

Tests
Prostate biopsy
A prostate biopsy is the removal of tiny samples of prostate tissue to examine it for signs of prostate cancer. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland just under the bladder. It wraps around the urethra...

Diseases & Conditions
Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is cancer that starts in the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped structure that makes up part of a man's reproductive system. It wraps around the urethra, the tube that...

In-depth Report
Prostate cancer
An in-depth report on the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of prostate cancer.

Discharge Instructions
Prostate cancer staging

R

Self-Care Instructions
Radiation therapy - skin care

Diseases & Conditions
Renal pelvis or ureter cancer
Cancer of the renal pelvis or ureter is cancer that forms in the kidney's pelvis or the tube (ureter) that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder.

Diseases & Conditions
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the muscles that are attached to the bones. This cancer mostly affects children.

S

Self-Care Instructions
Safe eating during cancer treatment
Cancer treatment - eating safely; Chemotherapy - eating safely; Immunosuppression - eating safely; Low white blood cell count - eating safely; Neutropenia - eating safely

Diseases & Conditions
Salivary gland tumors
Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the gland or in the tubes (ducts) that drain the salivary glands.

Special Topics
Skin self-exam
Skin cancer - self-exam; Melanoma - self-exam; Basal cell cancer - self-exam; Squamous cell - self-exam; Skin mole - self-exam

Diseases & Conditions
Spinal tumor
A spinal tumor is a growth of cells (mass) in or surrounding the spinal cord.

Diseases & Conditions
Squamous cell skin cancer
Squamous cell cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the United States. Other common types of skin cancer are: Basal cellMelanoma Basal cell Basal cell Melanoma Melanoma

Surgery
Stereotactic radiosurgery - Gamma Knife
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a form of radiation therapy that focuses high-power energy on a small area of the body. Despite its name, radiosurgery is a treatment, not a surgical procedure. Incisions...

Diseases & Conditions
Stomach cancer
Stomach cancer is cancer that starts in the stomach.

Surgery
Surgery for pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic surgery is done to treat cancer of the pancreas gland.

Discharge Instructions
Surgery for pancreatic cancer - discharge
Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Whipple procedure; Open distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy; Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy

T

Special Topics
Targeted therapies for cancer
Molecularly targeted anticancer agents; MTAs; Chemotherapy-targeted; Vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted; VEGF-targeted; VEGFR-targeted; Tyrosine kinase inhibitor-targeted; TKI-targeted

Special Topics
Targeted therapy: questions to ask your doctor
Carcinoma-targeted; Squamous cell-targeted; Adenocarcinoma-targeted; Lymphoma-targeted; Tumor-targeted; Leukemia-targeted; Cancer-targeted

Diseases & Conditions
Testicular cancer
Testicular cancer is cancer that starts in the testicles. The testicles are the male reproductive glands located in the scrotum.

Diseases & Conditions
Throat or larynx cancer
Throat cancer is cancer of the vocal cords, larynx (voice box), or other areas of the throat.

Diseases & Conditions
Thyroid cancer
Thyroid cancer is a cancer that starts in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the front of your lower neck.

Diseases & Conditions
Thyroid cancer - medullary carcinoma
Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid is cancer of the thyroid gland that starts in cells that release a hormone called calcitonin. These cells are called "C" cells. The thyroid gland is located inside the...

Diseases & Conditions
Thyroid cancer - papillary carcinoma
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is the most common cancer of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the front of the lower neck.

Special Topics
Transplant services
Transplantation is a procedure that is done to replace one of your organs with a healthy one from someone else. The surgery is only one part of a complex, long-term process. Several experts will help you...

Special Topics
Treatment for childhood cancer - long-term risks
Childhood cancer - late effects

Special Topics
Types of chemotherapy

Special Topics
Types of hormone therapy
HRT- types; Estrogen replacement therapy - types; ERT- types of hormone therapy; Hormone replacement therapy - types; Menopause - types of hormone therapy; HT - types; Menopausal hormone types

U

Special Topics
Understanding your breast cancer risk
Carcinoma - lobular-risk; DCIS; LCIS-risk; Ductal carcinoma in situ-risk; Lobular carcinoma in situ-risk; Breast cancer-prevention

Special Topics
Understanding your cancer prognosis
Outcomes - cancer; Remission - cancer; Survival - cancer; Survival curve

Diseases & Conditions
Uterine sarcoma
Uterine sarcoma is a rare cancer of the uterus (womb). It is not the same as endometrial cancer, a much more common cancer that starts in the lining of the uterus. Uterine sarcoma most often starts in the...

V

Diseases & Conditions
VIPoma
VIPoma is a very rare cancer that usually grows from cells in the pancreas called islet cells.

Diseases & Conditions
Vaginal cancer
Vaginal cancer is cancer of the vagina, a female reproductive organ.

Diseases & Conditions
Vulva cancer
Vulvar cancer is cancer that starts in the vulva. Vulvar cancer most often affects the labia, the folds of skin outside the vagina. In some cases, vulvar cancer starts on the clitoris or in glands on the...

W

Special Topics
What if cancer comes back?
Carcinoma-recurrence; Squamous cell-recurrence; Adenocarcinoma-recurrence; Lymphoma-recurrence; Tumor-recurrence; Leukemia-recurrence; Cancer-recurrence

Special Topics
What is palliative care?
Comfort care; End of life - palliative care; Hospice - palliative care

Special Topics
When your child's treatment stops working
End of life care - children; Palliative care - children; Advance care planning - children

Diseases & Conditions
Wilms tumor
Wilms tumor (WT) is a type of kidney cancer that occurs in children.