Congenital spherocytic anemia

Hereditary spherocytosis; Spherocytosis; Hemolytic anemia - spherocytic

Congenital spherocytic anemia is a disorder of the surface layer (membrane) of red blood cells. It leads to red blood cells that are shaped like spheres, and premature breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia).

Red blood cells, normal

This photomicrograph shows normal red blood cells (RBCs) as seen in the microscope after staining.

Red blood cells, spherocytosis

Spherocytosis is a hereditary disorder of the red blood cells (RBCs), which may be associated with a mild anemia. Typically, the affected RBCs are small, spherically shaped, and lack the light centers seen in normal, round RBCs.

Blood cells

Blood is comprised of red blood cells, platelets, and various white blood cells.

Causes

Symptoms

Exams and Tests

Treatment

Outlook (Prognosis)

Possible Complications

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Prevention