Cancer - Oncology

Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal cancer begins in the vagina, which is the hollow, tube-like channel between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body. Cancer of the vagina is related to cancer of vulva that is the area of skin that surrounds the vaginal opening, including the clitoris and labia. Vaginal and vulvar cancers are the least common of gynecologic cancers. Vulvar cancer begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs. Treatment is most effective when vaginal and vulvar cancers are found early. Together, vaginal and vulvar cancers account for only six to seven percent of all gynecologic cancers diagnosed in the United States, and most cases are diagnosed in women over 50.