Cancer - Oncology

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus, also called the womb. The cervix connects the vagina, or birth canal, to the upper part of the uterus and is where a baby grows during pregnancy. Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can be passed from one person to another during sex. There are more than 80 types of human papillomavirus. About 30 types can infect the cervix and about half of them have been linked to cervical cancer. Some HPV types can cause genital warts. HPV is so common that most people get it at some point in their lives and it usually causes no symptoms.