Gynecologic oncologists are doctors trained in treating cancers of the female reproductive system. Your gynecologic oncologist will work with you to create a treatment plan. For treatment of gynecologic cancers, the options available include minimally invasive surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and radiation therapy, or a combination of these procedures. Additionally, our patients get exposure to national clinical trials for the treatment of gynecologic cancers. Current investigations and clinical trials are available for patients with ovarian, uterine, cervical, and endometrial cancers.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
As an early adaptor of robotic surgical systems, today we perform approximately 60 percent of our surgeries using a minimally invasive approach. We are gratified to offer these minimally invasive surgeries, accommodating easier healing with less scarring, and a faster return to your normal activity through shorter hospital stays.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by keeping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the spinal column, an organ, or a body cavity, such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy) Delivering anticancer drugs directly into the peritoneal cavity (the space that contains the abdominal organs) through a thin tube is called intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Whether you receive regional, systemic, or intraperitoneal chemotherapy depends on the type and stage of your cancer.
Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones which are substances made by glands in your body and circulated into the bloodstream, and stops cancer cells from growing. Some hormones can cause certain cancers to grow.
Radiation therapy refers to the use of high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. With external radiation therapy, a machine outside your body directs radiation at your cancer. With internal radiation therapy, a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters is placed inside your body in or near your cancer. Whether you receive internal or external radiation depends on the type and stage of your cancer. Some women instead undergo intraperitoneal radiation therapy, in which radioactive liquid is injected directly in their abdomen through a catheter to kill the cancer or keep it from spreading.
Treatments in Development
New cancer treatments in development include:
- Biologic therapy: This treatment uses your immune system to fight cancer. The idea is to use substances made by your body or replicated in a lab to boost, direct, or restore your body's natural defenses against cancer. This type of cancer treatment is also called biotherapy or immunotherapy.
- Targeted therapy: This treatment uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells.